Re212 lesson 7 part 1: hinduism in conflict and in peace. Indeed, perhaps because of vegetarianism, or perhaps because of images of iconic. 1500 bce 600 bce: the earliest, formative phase of hinduism is the vedic phase. Indeed, we call the earliest stratum of hinduism vedic hinduism. It crystalized around 1500 bce in what is now northern india, in the land alongside some of south. Mahavira and buddha: chief among these critics were men named mahavira (the founder of. Jainism) and siddharta gautama (the buddha; founder of buddhism: mahavira and buddha were intensely interested in ideas which vedic. Issues such as the existence and nature of the soul; the fate of the soul; the nature of the human predicament here and now; and what to do about it. Upanishads, and the bhagavad gita) in discussions of the hindu worldview: for the moment, what matters is that hindus developed a set of ideas about human existence.