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Lecture 6

RE213 Lecture Notes - Biblical Literalism, Predestination In Islam, Polymath

2 Pages
100 Views
Fall 2017

Department
Religion & Culture
Course Code
RE213
Professor
Meena Sharify- Funk
Lecture
6

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RE 213 Week 6
Polymath= master of many disciplines
8-11th centuries: time of great dynamism and transfusion
- The coming together of multiple knowledge systems such as Arab, Hellenic, Judaic,
Biblicist, Zoroastrian and Indian
- Many new questions for Muslims
o How shall we govern ourselves?
o How can we create order and well- eig, hile reaiig true to the Qur’a
and to the Sunnah?
o How can we establish traditions that will stabilize as well as homogenize Islamic
commands?
- Increasing need for school of law but also theology as well as philosophy?
o How do you conceptualize existence, being?
o What is human reason and human will?
o How do you conceptualize time?
Islamic Theology: Kalam
- Theolog i Arai is kala, hih literall eas the stud of diie speeh.
- Those who practiced theology were known as mutakallimun
- Two distinct authoritative forces in Islamic theology:
o Mutazilites = rationalists
First theological school
Official doctrine of the Abbasid Khalifah al-Ma’u
o Asharites= traditionalist
Founder, Abu al- Hasan al- Ashari
Connection with Ibn Hanbal
Question of Existence
- For asharites, eistee is aktu, is ritte  God
- God has predetermined the nature of creation
o This predispositional and predestined alignment is known as qadar
o Existence has a beginning and an end
o In contrast, for the Mutazilites, existence has been always will be with God
o Eistee is a otiuous produtio of auses ad effets
Question of Time
- For the asharities, God transcends all existence (which is his creation) and time
- God was an is not to be related to anything including time
- God the is tieless ad His Word, the Qur’a, is also tieless, ureated, therefore
time has a beginning and an end
- In contrast, for the Mutazilities, God and time are not separated
- If oe liits God’s reatio, ultiatel oe liits of God
- Therefore, it is no beginning or end to time, like there is no beginning or end to time
- Time and the laws that govern the world of time are important to know God
Question of Human reason and human will
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Description
RE 213 Week 6 Polymath= master of many disciplines 811 centuries: time of great dynamism and transfusion The coming together of multiple knowledge systems such as Arab, Hellenic, Judaic, Biblicist, Zoroastrian and Indian Many new questions for Muslims o How shall we govern ourselves? o How can we create order and well being, while remaining true to the Quran and to the Sunnah? o How can we establish traditions that will stabilize as well as homogenize Islamic commands? Increasing need for school of law but also theology as well as philosophy? o How do you conceptualize existence, being? o What is human reason and human will? o How do you conceptualize time? Islamic Theology: Kalam Theology in Arabic is kalam, which literally means the study of divine speech. Those who practiced theology were known as mutakallimun Two distinct authoritative forces in Islamic theology: o Mutazilites = rationalists First theological school Official doctrine of the Abbasid Khalifah alMamun o Asharites= traditionalist Founder, Abu al Hasan al Ashari Connection with Ibn Hanbal Question of Existence For asharites, existence is maktub, is written by God God has predetermined the nature of creation o This predispositional and predestined alignment is known as qadar o Existence has a beginning and an end o In contrast, for the Mutazilites, existence has been always will be with God o Existence is a continuous production of causes and effects Question of Time For the asharities, God transcends all existence (which is his creation) and time God was an is not to be related to anything including time God then is timeless and His Word, the Quran, is also timeless, uncreated, therefore time has a beginning and an end In contrast, for the Mutazilities, God and time are not separated If one limits Gods creation, ultimately one limits of God Therefore, it is no beginning or end to time, like there is no beginning or end to time Time and the laws that govern the world of time are important to know God Question of Human reason and human will
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