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Lecture 5

RE213 Lecture Notes - Ijtihad, Fiqh, Ijma

3 Pages
64 Views
Fall 2017

Department
Religion & Culture
Course Code
RE213
Professor
Meena Sharify- Funk
Lecture
5

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RE 213 Week 5
The development of Tradition: Foundations for Law and Legalistic School
“haiah/ Islai La
- “haiah eae oe tie the deelopet of Islai la: a ode of duties ad
principles according to which men and women should structure their lives
- Foudatioal soues of the shaiah ae ased piail o the Qua, the “uah, ad
the Ulema
- Codif the ules of Musli ehaiou aodig to the Quaa as gie to Muhaad
- Create a way for a Muslim to create a good life
- shaiah= path of being a good Muslim
- the consensus is a process of interpretation over and over
The Sunnah
- “uah i Aai eas usto o lifestle
o It a also ea todde path
- Two different meanings:
1. It is the lifestyle or model of the Prophet Muhammad
2. It is the lifestyle of the early Muslim communities or Mecca and Medina which
would become the label of the largest group Muslims seen today (Known as
Sunni/Sunnite)
- Three categories of the Sunnah that were developed:
1. “uah faliah: the atios of the pohet
2. Sunnah qawliyyah: the speech of the prohet
3. “uah …
Hadith
- Sayings and action that were compiled into written reports
- “uite taditio, si olletios of Hadith: dot eed to eee aes
o Al-Bukhari (d.870), Muslim (s.675), Abu Dawud (d.888), at- Tirmidhi (d.892), an-
Nasai (d.915), and Ibn Majah (d.886)
- “hiite taditio, fou olletios of Hadith:
o Al-Kuluni (d.939), al-Qummi (d.991), at-Tusi (d1067), and al-Murtada (d.1044)
- Two categories of Hadith are
o Hadith Qudsi which is known as the sacred Hadith, in which god himself is
speaking in a complementary revelation through the prophet
o Hadith “haif hih is ko as the ole Hadith, pophets o ats ad
utterances
Ulaa Ulee
- Body of scholars who took on this task of codification
- Ulema, in Arabic mans learned persons. It is the plural form of Alam. It comes from the
oot, il, hih eas koledge
- 4 main groups of Ulema:
o the ulema who speculated about the nature and foundations of Islamic law and
would become known as faqihs, qadis and muftis
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Description
RE 213 Week 5 The development of Tradition: Foundations for Law and Legalistic School Shariah Islamic Law Shariah became over time the development of Islamic law: a code of duties and principles according to which men and women should structure their lives Foundational sources of the shariah are based primarily on the Quran, the Sunnah, and the Ulema Codify the rules of Muslim behaviour according to the Quaran as given to Muhammad Create a way for a Muslim to create a good life shariah= path of being a good Muslim the consensus is a process of interpretation over and over The Sunnah Sunnah in Arabic means custom or lifestyle o It can also mean trodden path Two different meanings: 1. It is the lifestyle or model of the Prophet Muhammad 2. It is the lifestyle of the early Muslim communities or Mecca and Medina which would become the label of the largest group Muslims seen today (Known as SunniSunnite) Three categories of the Sunnah that were developed: 1. Sunnah faliyyah: the actions of the prohet 2. Sunnah qawliyyah: the speech of the prohet 3. Sunnah Hadith Sayings and action that were compiled into written reports Sunnite tradition, six collections of Hadith: (dont need to remember names) o AlBukhari (d.870), Muslim (s.675), Abu Dawud (d.888), at Tirmidhi (d.892), an Nasai (d.915), and Ibn Majah (d.886) Shiite tradition, four collections of Hadith: o AlKuluni (d.939), alQummi (d.991), atTusi (d1067), and alMurtada (d.1044) Two categories of Hadith are o Hadith Qudsi which is known as the sacred Hadith, in which god himself is speaking in a complementary revelation through the prophet o Hadith Sharif which is known as the noble Hadith, prophets own acts and utterances Ulama (Uleme) Body of scholars who took on this task of codification Ulema, in Arabic mans learned persons. It is the plural form of Alam. It comes from the root, ilm, which means knowledge 4 main groups of Ulema: o the ulema who speculated about the nature and foundations of Islamic law and would become known as faqihs, qadis and muftis
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