RE220 Lecture Notes - Axis Mundi, Black Rock Desert, Camino De Santiago

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
School
WLU
Department
Religion & Culture
Course
RE220
Page:
of 7
3/26/2013 7:01:00 AM
Sacred Space
Mircea Eliade:
Interested in pre modern religion
Influential in the development of the study of religion
Came to Chicago in 1956
His theory was primarily based on the differences between the
sacred and the profane
What are the differences between the sacred and the profane?
The holy; where you find peace and faith
Subjective
Axis Mundi the connection between heaven and earth (could even
be a hole in the wall)
o Centre of a community
o The center point
o Example: a church on the top of a hill would be an axis mundi
Imago Mundi the idealize version of the world
o An image centered around the Axis mundi
o Symbolically wants to put the world in order
o Less important than the Axis Mundi
Sacred space: a space that is constructed around a sacred object
that is experienced as the Holy Other, different than the rest of the
world
Sacred time: a time outside of time
o A separate time
o Ritual gives you excess to sacred time because of profane
time
o
Illud Tempus in time now and always
Burning man
o Happens in the black rock desert in Nevada
o Last Monday of August to the first Monday of September
o Centers around a giant figure of a male made of wood
o Lets of religious iconography
A giant nun confessional
A mirror with “be your won messiah” written out on it
o Sacred space is actively created at burning man
o There is an element of pilgrimage
10 principles
o didn’t want to call them rules, because that would go against
the counterculture they were trying to create
1) Radical inclusion
2) gifting (no exchanges for money, rather give things
away or exchange gifts)
3) De-commodification (no advertising, don’t sell
anything)
4) Civic Responsibility
5) Leave no Trace (take your garbage and make it look
like you were never there)
6) Participation (no spectators motto)
7) Radical self Reliance (be prepared to take care of
yourself)
8) Communal Effort (be a community, do things
together)
9) Radical Self Expression (do whatever will express
who you are)
10) Immediacy (everything should be right in your face,
bright and interesting + everything right now!)
March 28th
Next week
Tuesday Quiz
Thursday - Exam Review
Trying to understand Pilgrimage
preparing yourself to go somewhere and once you get there you
have some sort of goal
A journey to some place that is considered to be sacred in ones
religion
Circular travel, you come back
Motivated by belief
Mecca for Muslims
Jerusalem for Jews
Anywhere that the virgin Mary has visited for Christian’s
Etc.
Pilgrimage
Camino de Santiago
The hajj to the Ka’ba (most famous pilgrimage today)
o You have to wear certain types of clothes and everyone is
dressed the same
o Purity during the pilgrimage (no sex, no perfume, no jewelry,
can’t cut your nails, have to try to not bleed)
Has to involve sacrifice and going out of your way
Takes you in a different place and outside of your daily routine
Puts you in another sort of mind set
Hardship
Why do people go on pilgrimages?
o To fulfill apart of your faith
o Moral guidance or enlightenment
o Seeking some sort of answers and transformation
Definition of Pilgrimage from lecture
o A metaphor for a personal search for one’s true self, God,
meaning…
o A rite of passage
o Liminality a time of withdrawal
An in-between state
Relationship with sacred space and sacred time
o A time of withdrawal from normal modes
o Facilitates communitas
Communitas spontaneous community among pilgrims
Rejection of hierarchies
About brotherhood and sisterhood
We are all on the same journey together and suffering
together
Sacred Mircea Eliade
You can’t study religion using scientific methods

Document Summary

Influential in the development of the study of religion. His theory was primarily based on the differences between the sacred and the profane. The holy; where you find peace and faith. Imago mundi the idealize version of the world: an image centered around the axis mundi, symbolically wants to put the world in order, less important than the axis mundi. Sacred space: a space that is constructed around a sacred object that is experienced as the holy other, different than the rest of the world. Sacred time: a time outside of time: a separate time, ritual gives you excess to sacred time because of profane time. Illud tempus in time now and always. Burning man: happens in the black rock desert in nevada, last monday of august to the first monday of september, centers around a giant figure of a male made of wood, lets of religious iconography.