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Sy203 September 23rd, 2013.docx

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Leigh Morrison

Sy203 - The New Economy and its Path of Development 9/23/2013 9:37:00 AM - Today we are going to look at the transitions to the new economics - Two things that are necessary: first, we have to look at the path o historical development that took place as industrial societies formed - Second, we have to look at the differences between the industrial economy and feudal economies. All societies have economics whose function it is to provide the necessities f life by economic production Preliminaries and Basic Assumptions - What early sociology had discovered was that societies were made up of a social framework the existed outside the individual - This framework appeared in the form of structured social institutions that patterned the activity of populations. We can see this in the pattering of economic activity as all societies engage in productive work  main ways - is by looking at economic activity and how it is pattern in all societies and how the 2 social classes arrive in the economy to engage in productive work (arrive at the same time everyday) - This made it evident that societies form by some pattern of social and historical development, not by accident Some Major Assumptions - The discovery of the social framework meant that society was to be treated as a subject matter in its own right separate from the individual. This is our point of departure from psychology, which studies the individual  study the social framework of societies - In order to examine the social framework we look at four distinct types of societies: tribal, ancient, feudal and industrial. We use sociological perspective to identify patterns of social and historical development and patterns in society and history  Tribal - small scale societies whose institutions are family and religion, not society  Ancient - form around 500 BC. o Greece and Rome - most dominant ancient societies (roman particular) o Huge population, quite advanced o Class system is structured as the elite (had all power,
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