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chapter 54.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Darren Mulloy

Social Mobility - Moving up/down the class hierarchy/stratification system - Intergenerational mobility – your occupation, when it’s all said and done, compared to your parents; can be upwards or downwards - Intragenerational mobility:  Upward intragenerational mobility – you start off at a crappy job, end up with a good job; you move up before you die  Downward intragenerational mobility – you start off with a good job, get kicked out of the association, end up with a crappy job; you move down - A persons occupational standing is compared to a parent’s occupational standing  Can have upward intergenerational mobility  There’s also downward intergenerational mobility (called social sliders)  If parents are very successful in life, it’s very hard to top them  Sometimes when children come from a successful family, it’s hard for the kids to adjust - Canada is a highly mobile country  Upward intergenerational mobility is 20%  It siphen’s off social discontent by giving people upward mobility  Society has rewarded talented people of the working class for their hard work  You can co-opt them, they become ____ rather than radicals  This is the way the system is supposed to work: superior ability should be rewarded  Ability equals merit  If you have ability, society will reward you with wealth, prestige, and power  Children of immigrants to Canada do better educationally, have higher levels of educational attainment, and have higher levels of occupational achievement/attainment than Canadian born children - Status refers to one of the skilled trades - Rank – ie. professional, blue collar, etc.  Status is a position within the rank  Ie. rank = professional, power = teacher - Ascription based stratification systems are one in which allocation ranks are based on qualities one is born with - Ascribed societies are traditional societies – use ascription a lot - The only society that uses ascription more than ascribed societies is Apartheid societies - Apartheid society:  a society based on racial preferences (ie. the former South Africa)  based on the notion of racial superiority and inferiority  the key here is segregation of the races  Ie. Housing, schools, transportation, restaurants, hotels (ie. rat pack), theatres, drinking fountaints  Race = ascription - Ethnicity can be seen as an ascribed trait - The ascriptive process here is stereotyping  If an ethnic group is seen as inferior: negative stereotyping - All traditional societies were caste systems  Ie. England: peasents  ____  merchents  church etc.. - Open societies – fluid, can have movement, based on achievement - Closed societies – rigid, closed, no movement (ie. apartheid)  Ascription = a way to maintain inequality - Human rights commissions – deal with employment discrimination, discrimination with housing, etc.  Modern societies aren’t 100% achievement based, but when compared to traditional societies the difference is vast * Look at overhead figure from lecture* - Definition of Stratification: the process by which people or categories of people are ranked on the basis of socially differentiated characteristics Consequences of social class: -class has a profound impact on our lives -lots of evidence Quality of life = life chances -affected by class -life chances increase as you go up the class hierarchy and decreases as you go down the class hierarchy -even when we have universal health coverage (Canada) -members of the lower class have higher infant mortality rates (die within the first 6 months) -this is due to prenatal and postnatal care -can see this globally -poorer countries have higher rates of infant mortality -ex. Afghanistan has one of the highest rates (relativistically) -lower classes also have higher rates of general mortality -keeps increasing (in wealthy countries) - the lower class also gets sick more often and suffers from mental disorders and psychological disorders -women seem to live longer and make it up to the age of 90s -lower classes are more likely to suffer from physical ailments and more likely to suffer from psychological disorders -health improves as go up the class hierarchy Why?  -less knowledge of health related issues am
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