Class Notes (837,434)
Canada (510,272)
Sociology (776)
SY408 (17)
Ali Zaidi (17)
Lecture 8

lecture 8.docx

6 Pages
123 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SY408
Professor
Ali Zaidi
Semester
Fall

Description
SOCA01-Lecture 8 Families cont’d: -Functionalism and various aspects of functionalism: -several dimensions of socialization -regulation of sexual activity -social placement -material and emotional security -economic cooperation: -family is a place where you find particularism and affect (the family provides emotional support) as said by Parsons -there are rewards of affect when raising children -the family is based on emotions -people w/n the family relate to each other emotionally -therefore, the family is different from the larger society -family is treated differently and given better treatment -the larger society is treated w/ universalism/impersonality -the family pools their resources and the parents support their children -relationships b/w parents (esp. mothers) and their children are very close -mothers can divorce their husbands and never see them again but the children and their mothers usually don’t break up -parents support children emotionally, physically, and materially -sometimes children support their parents in old age -there is also sexual division of labour -not as important as it used to be -w/ introduction of modern appliances, the difference between the strength of men and women is not as important -complementaritydivision of labour, they complement each other Critical evaluation: -functional approach overlooks the diversity of the family -critiques say other institutions can play the same role as the family -tends to overlook the problems of married life -ex. violence and conflict is also common in the family -the family is a paradox (both positive and negative characteristics) -functionalists emphasize the positive -ex. Japan 1970 -20% of Japanese women haven’t married by the age of 30 -today, 40% of Japanese women haven’t married by the age of 30 Why? Patriarchy; the Japanese family is more patriarchal -North America is not so patriarchal -the marriage rate is going down -poor people decide to stay single -women want to pursue their career -there is also the option of in vitro fertilization -men are not as inclined to marriage b/c they say family law is biased against men -men are denied visitation rights etc. -some men try to get around this by pre-nups -pre-nuptial agreement in which divorce takes place and divide assets according to the pre-nup falling into trouble b/c some people hide their assets Conflict and feminist theorist approach to the family: - theoretical approach that looks at the way family life perpetuates inequality=social reproduction of inequality -the family is a situation in which inequality is established -ex. people born in a poor family usually remain poor -people inherit the social standing of their parents (although there can be some upward mobility) -Engle’s book: origins of the family -says the origin of the family is more out of the need of higher class men to transmit their assets to their sons -therefore, the family accumulates wealth and produces the class structure for all -functionalist say the family gives people an identity and that they need it -conflict theorists say that the family is economic based nd 2 defect w/ the family according to conflict theorists and feminists: -patriarchy -the family promotes patriarchy -men have sexual control over women, therefore, the family turns women into sexual and economic property of men -refers to the traditional nuclear family -reached peak at 1950s and is now declining -a century ago the earnings of the wife belonged to the husband -today, women still bear most of the work raising the children and housework -Canadian women with at least 1 child under 5 today spend 5.3 hours a day doing housework - husbands spends 3 hours a day 3 problem: -note conflict theorists and feminists are critical of the family -family is under the heading of race and ethnicity -therefore, the family perpetuates racial and ethnic categories and these persist over time b/c people tend to marry others like themselves -the family props up the racial and ethnic hierarchy -people do tend to marry w/n their own group= Endogamy -if you marry outside of your group=Exogamy -trends w/n a multicultural society like Canadatowards more intermarriage -ex. Particularly true of Japanese Canadians ~50% of them are intermarried -they don’t come to Canada anymore (stopped coming around the 1900) -also applies to Jews -some Euro-Canadians b/c Japanese and Jewish Canadians will marry these Euro-Canadians Critique of these theories: -the family has many faults according to conflict and feminist approach -so what can replace the family? -when communist revolution took place in the soviet union it abolished the family -always been this hostility towards the family in their politics (specifically by Marx and Engles) -then it had to reinstate it b/c things didn’t work out -children were uncontrollable, did not do well in school -the family is extra important when it comes to socializing children -the family perpetuates racial and ethnic hierarchies: -conflict and feminists see this as negative -the family is criticized for maintaining racial and ethnic identity -BUT conflict and feminist theorists will support multiculturalism -therefore, they are not consistent rather they are contradictory -problem w/ patriarchy argument in connection w/ housework: -shows up w/ women doing more of the housework -but have to take into consideration that men spend more time at their jobs -therefore, when you take that into consideration, the contribution to the household is pretty equal -the family may thus be patriarchal in other respects but not in this case -men put more hours in work -conflict theorists talk about the 19 century when treating women as property of men -today, the family is based on legal and constitutional equality -the bias you find in conflict and feminist theoryanti-family bias - has not produced a viable alternative to the family -apparently we have a psychological need to know where we come from (our ancestry) -ex. Many adopted children when told they were adopted when older, what happened to them is that they will spend years trying to track down their biological parents -the need to find that parent can be powerful -a group of adopted children formed a group and approached the Ontario government and requested that they make it law that people who give children up for adoption cannot hide their identity -when people give their children up for adoption they don’t want them to know their identity -some people said that people will not give their children up for adoption and more men will stop donating sperm if that became law -thus, it was not made into law -therefore suggests that other family forms that exclude biological parents fail to meet these needs -conflict theorists and feminist theorists fail to take into account that “blood is thicker than water” -therefore, cannot just get rid of the family Stages of family life: 2 types: 1. Arran
More Less

Related notes for SY408

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit