Lecture 18 religion: sociology & religion, secularization thesis, religiosity and atheism index, responses to secularization thesis. Durkheim, the elementary forms of the religious life, 1912) Aka, the scared refers to the religious world, extra ordinary world, set apart from everything else, dedicated to the worship of a deity, sociologists focus on how the sacred thing unites people, not the sacred thing itself. The secularization thesis: the industrialization of society + modernization of culture = secularized societies. Causes: modern sciences, diversity of religions, individualism, technology. The more educated a society becomes, the less likely they will refer to religious authorities for answers, science will replace religion. Religiosity: how important religion is to a group of people. Conclusion: despite the immense impact of technology and an emphasis on worldly affairs, the 21st century overwhelmingly espouses a religious faith and atheism is in a minority.