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Lecture 21

SY 101 Lecture 21: Race & Ethnicity


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SY101
Professor
Dana Sawchuk
Lecture
21

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W.E.B.DuBois
● AfricanAmericanphDfromHarvard
● WorkedwithMaxWeber
● SocialsurveyforAfricanAmericanwasasbetteraswhitesociologistsdoingitatthat
time
Howdosociologistsapproachtheconceptsofraceandethnicity?
● Race:physicalmarkers/characteristicsthatdistinguishonepeoplefromanother
● Ethnicity:culturalmarkers/characteristics
● Raceandethnicity:sociallyconstructedcategories
○ Geneticallythesedifferencesareveryminor
○ Visiblecharacteristics:skincolour,haircolourisaveryminordifference
● Processofracialization:onegrouplabellinganothergroupwitha“race”
● Geneticallyandbiologically,raceisn'tasignificantcategory
○ It'sasocialvariation/it'simportantsocially
○ Skincolourmattersbecausepeoplebelievethatitmatters
■ “Whitening”ofresumesKang(RotmanschoolofManagementatUofT)
■ About40%whitentheirresumesby“anglicizing”theirnames
■ Changingvolunteerandworkexperiencetofitinmorewiththewestern
culture
○ Certainethnicgroupmaysharesomelanguageorcharacteristics
■ Peoplemayidentifythemselveswiththeirethnicgroup
■ Howdopeopledefineethnicityandactuponitscharacteristics?
○ Membershipinaculturalgroupdoesn'taccoun
Whataresomeimportanttheoriesofracialandethnicinequality?
● Prejudice:attitude
○ Attitudethatjudgesapersonbasedontheirgroupmembership
○ Orcharacteristicsthatdefine
● Discrimination:action
○ Treatmentofpeoplebasedontheirgroupmembership
● SocialPsychologicalTheories
○ Frustrationaggression(scapegoat)theory
■ Frustrationleadstoaggressionthat'sventedonscapegoats
■ Peoplegetfrustrated/angryandarehostile.Theytaketheirangerouton
scapegoats(lesspowerfulgroupsthatareblamedfornoreason)
● Whitewomanworksatafactoryanddoesn'tmakegoodenough.
Shemightbefrustratedabouthersituation.Shetakesherangerout
onhercoworkerbecauseshecan'ttakeitoutonherbossbecause
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