SY321 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Liberal Feminism, Main Source, Hostile Work Environment

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Published on 27 Jan 2013
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Sexual harassment:
2 types:
1. Quid pro quo sexual harassment
-takes place when sexual threats or bribery are made a condition of employment decisions
2. Hostile environment sexual harassment
-involves sexual jokes, comments, and touching that interferes w/ work or creates a hostile work
environment
-relatively powerless women are more likely to be harassed
-many aspects of our culture legitimize male dominance and making it seem valid or propwr
Toward 2118
GEM=gender empowerment measure
-takes into account women’s share of seats in parliament; share of administrative, managerial,
professional and technical jobs; and their earning power
-there is more gender equality in rich than in poor countries
-suggests that gender equality is a function of economic development
-some exceptions to this general pattern
-gender equality is also a function of government policy
-to bridge the gender gap in earnings we need
1. Better child care systems
2. A policy of “equal pay for work of equal value”
Child care:
-child care in Canada is chronically underfunded
-therefore, many Canadian women w/ small children are unable to work outside the home or can only work on a
part time basis
Equal pay for work of equal value:
-refers to the equal dollar value of different jobs. It is established in gender neutral terms by comparing jobs in
terms of the education and experience needed to do them and the stress, responsibility, and working conditions
associated w/ them
The women’s movement:
3 main streams in the modern feminist movement:
1. Liberal feminism
-most popular
-believe that the main sources of women’s subordination are learned gender roles and the denial of
opportunities to women
-advocate non-sexist methods of socialization and education, more sharing of domestic tasks w/ men, and
the extension of all educational, employment, and political rights and privileges men enjoy
2. Socialist feminists
-regard women’s relationship to the economy as the main source of women’s disadvantages
-believe that the economic and sexual oppression of women has its roots in capitalism
-conclude that elimination of private property and creation of economic equality can end oppression of all
women
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