SY321 Lecture Notes - Rastafari, Methamphetamine, Carpal Tunnel

44 views4 pages
27 Jan 2013
Social Mobility
- Moving up/down the class hierarchy/stratification system
- Intergenerational mobility your occupation, when it’s all said and done, compared to your parents; can be
upwards or downwards
- Intragenerational mobility:
Upward intragenerational mobility you start off at a crappy job, end up with a good job; you move up
before you die
Downward intragenerational mobility you start off with a good job, get kicked out of the association, end
up with a crappy job; you move down
- A persons occupational standing is compared to a parent’s occupational standing
Can have upward intergenerational mobility
There’s also downward intergenerational mobility (called social sliders)
If parents are very successful in life, it’s very hard to top them
Sometimes when children come from a successful family, it’s hard for the kids to adjust
- Canada is a highly mobile country
Upward intergenerational mobility is 20%
It siphen’s off social discontent by giving people upward mobility
Society has rewarded talented people of the working class for their hard work
You can co-opt them, they become ____ rather than radicals
This is the way the system is supposed to work: superior ability should be rewarded
Ability equals merit
If you have ability, society will reward you with wealth, prestige, and power
Children of immigrants to Canada do better educationally, have higher levels of educational attainment,
and have higher levels of occupational achievement/attainment than Canadian born children
- Status refers to one of the skilled trades
- Rank ie. professional, blue collar, etc.
Status is a position within the rank
Ie. rank = professional, power = teacher
- Ascription based stratification systems are one in which allocation ranks are based on qualities one is born with
- Ascribed societies are traditional societies use ascription a lot
- The only society that uses ascription more than ascribed societies is Apartheid societies
- Apartheid society:
a society based on racial preferences (ie. the former South Africa)
based on the notion of racial superiority and inferiority
the key here is segregation of the races
Ie. Housing, schools, transportation, restaurants, hotels (ie. rat pack), theatres, drinking fountaints
Race = ascription
- Ethnicity can be seen as an ascribed trait
- The ascriptive process here is stereotyping
If an ethnic group is seen as inferior: negative stereotyping
- All traditional societies were caste systems
Ie. England: peasents ____ merchents church etc..
- Open societies fluid, can have movement, based on achievement
- Closed societies rigid, closed, no movement (ie. apartheid)
Ascription = a way to maintain inequality
- Human rights commissions deal with employment discrimination, discrimination with housing, etc.
Modern societies aren’t 100% achievement based, but when compared to traditional societies the
difference is vast
* Look at overhead figure from lecture*
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.