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Lecture 12

WS100 Lecture 12: Lecture 12 reproductive rights

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Women & Gender Studies
Karen Stote

WS100 Lecture 12 th Mar.14 /17 Reproductive Rights and Reproductive Justice Coercive Abortions  Canadian civil liberties association early 1970s o “the negotiation requiring patients to submit to sterilization through tubal ligation was discovered in a hospital in the Maritime provinces and in a Western hospital”  Finding of the Badgley Committee, released 1977 o “from the opinions of some of the physicians in the national physician survey and some of the patients in the national patient survey, it is apparent that an agreement to be sterilized had been used on occasion as a prerequisite to obtaining an abortion”  Norther Study, 1992 o Abortions were being performed on Aboriginal women without providing anesthetics Abortion Caravan made their way to parliament Coercive Sterilization in Canada  Sterilization arose out of the eugenics (“well born”) movement  Stop the reproduction of the “unfit” through sterilization in an affect to curb poverty o Institutionalizing the non-smart people  In Canada, Eastern European immigrants, poor single mothers, and Aboriginal women were disproportionately targeted  “la operation” in Puerto Rico  Sexual sterilization act of Alberta 1928-1972  Sterilization act of British Columbia 1933-1973  Sterilization also took place in the absence of legislation here in Ontario Coercive Sterilization in the North  1970 David Lewis alleges that a formal program of sterilizing, Aboriginal women exists in Northern communities  1973 a CBC public affairs broadcast alleges an intensification of this sterilization of the sterilization program to reduce the birth rate  1978 Rev Robert Lechat names six Northern communities where women were being sterilized without their consent Contraceptives to limit births?  1969 amendments to Criminal Code decriminalized contraceptives  Increased choice for some has amounted to increased coercion for others like aboriginal women: o Birth control to curb poverty pre-discrimination o Depo povera as “first choice opinion” We need to ask questions like:  Why do women lack knowledge and control over her bodies and reproduction in the first place?  Aer the reproductive options from which women must choose safe?  How do we make sure that the relations between women and their health care provi
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