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Lecture 2

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Administrative Studies
ADMS 1010
Eytan Lasry

ADMS 1010 Week 2 Notes Relentless Change – Case 1 (pp. 21-37) Uneasy Partnership – Chapter 7 (pp. 213 – 243) Regionalism and Federalism Federalism - A system of government in which power is divided between a federal government and various regional governments - Governments coordinate their roles and responsibilities o Neither can subordinate or overrule the authority of the order - I.e., Ontario has power over local education, whereas the federal government does not Challenges to Canadian Federalism: - Canada has both a French and English culture - We are not Nationalists o Hard to create national identity when there are so many regions spread across vast country that have their own provincial powers - The provinces and federal government are often in conflict over the authority in specific areas - Duality of federalism: The country versus the regions - Nature of Regions: Many areas of Canada were independent prior to Confederation and have their own distinct identities o Diverse cultures in provinces - Vast geographic distances Dual Challenge of Federalism - A federal state must attempt to build a national strategy - Develop a transfer payment policy that redistributes Canada’s wealth fairly - Develop a national immigration policy o Quebec has a unique immigration policy that the rest of Canada o This is to appease Quebec to keep it as a part of Canada Regionalism - The shared identification of citizens with a region as a distinct political or social community based on conscious differences in political, economic, and social interests and structures - Emphasis on the distinctive regional characteristics or differences that make issues of regional equity and influence over public policy major considerations in Canada’s political processes British Columbia - Forest and mining industry - Technology industry ADMS 1010 Week 2 Notes Alberta - Financial, industrial, agricultural, manufacturing - Oil sands development - Technology industry Saskatchewan and Manitoba - Agriculture industry - In Saskatchewan: production of minerals, oil and gas (largest industries) - In Manitoba: Manufacturing Ontario - Centre of Canada’s manufacturing, financial, and emerging tech industries - Agricultural and resource industries - Eastern and northern Ontario have significant tourist industries Quebec - Provincial autonomy and control over all major areas of jurisdiction established in 1867 Constitution - These include taxation, economic development, natural resources, social spending, language, culture, and education. - Political and economic interests of soft nationalist have been vital to federal and provincial politics in Quebec and impact on economic development policies - Manufacturing, agriculture, forest and mining Atlantic Canada - Heavy dependence on resource commodities and seasonal industries, and low levels of urbanization o Economic disadvantage and dependency for many years - Forestry, mining, fishing, fish processing, oil and gas (recent years) The North - Mining, construction, and government services (Yukon) - Government services, transportation, mining, retail/wholesale trade (NWT) - Second level of government in
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