Class Notes (836,135)
Canada (509,645)
York University (35,302)
ADMS 1010 (296)
Yong Troy (33)
Lecture 2

Week 2

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Administrative Studies
ADMS 1010
Yong Troy

Week 2 Defining Canada ADMS 1010TroyPart IIThe Government of Canada An EvolutionFrance was the first European nation to colonize Canada France ceded its Canadian possessions to Great Britain after the Seven Years War 1763 The English left much of the religious political and social culture of the early inhabitants in place Many more English arrive after the American Revolution in the form of United Empire Loyalists Canadian identity begins to emerge after the War of 1812 mainly due to mistrust towards our American neighbours Canada becomes a nation unto itself with the British North America Act 1867 Development of Canadian FederalismThe ultimate aim was to found a transcontinental nation in the form of a constitutional monarchy under the British Crown A strong central government was desired and is legislative union was impossible because of the peculiarities of Quebec and its desire to retain these then a strong and highly centralized federal union would be the answer Fathers of confederation felt that the American government had given the individual states too much power and did not want to repeat these mistakes Federalism is suited for independent regional entities that find it necessary to address issues that they could not deal with individuallydefence is a good example Quebec at that time saw the development of a federal Canadian state as a way to continue to guarantee the preservation of their unique culture Increasingly it was worried that the Canadian colonies were the targets of American aggression There were economic benefits for the individual colonies to come together as well The ConstitutionA countrys constitution defines the powers and limits of powers that can be exercised by the different levels of government The British North America Act 1867 by which the British colonial provinces of Canada upper and lower Nova Scotia and New Brunswick were united to create a Dominion of Canada served as our constitution until 1982
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