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Week 9 - The Canadian Wine Industry [p1]

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Administrative Studies
ADMS 1010
Yong Troy

Week 9The Canadian Wine Industry ADMS 1010TroyPart IThe Canadian Wine IndustryThe Canadian wine industry compared to other parts of the world is relatively new Early wineries using local grapes were first started in the early 1800s The first commercial winery was started in Pelee Island in 1866 There are wineries in many different provinces with the main two wine producing provinces being Ontario and British Columbiao The vintners quality alliance VQA the Canadian regulatory and appellation system only recognize wines from these two provincesThe Canadian wine industry suffered a major setback with prohibition Regulation of alcohol was transferred to the provinces in 1927o Ontario passed a moratorium on the issuance of new winery licences Many of the larger wineries consolidated by buying up some of the smaller licences By 1874 there were only 6 wineries leftThe Ontario Wine IndustryDon Ziraldo and Karl Kaiser were the first to be granted a licence to open a winery since 1929 They received their licence in 1974They introduced the first European grape varieties Vitis vinifera to Ontario by introducing Riesling Chardonnay and Gamay grapesPrior to this inferior local grapes varieties were used to produce winesThe Ontario wine industry is relegated to a few select areas of the province o Lake Erie North ShorePelee Islando Niagara Regiono Prince Edward CountyVintners Quality AllianceThe VQA Act was enacted in 2000 VQA Ontario acts as the regulatory body of wine o Administers Ontarios wine appellation system o Primary functions are wine testing audits inspections complianceWine AppellationsThese are defined geographic areas where grapes and wine are grown They often have additional restrictions including the variety of grapes can be grown for wine the level of alcohol and other restrictions
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