ADMS2400 JUNE.13 WEEK 6_Lecture 11 Leadership 1
What is Leadership?
► Leadership is the use of power and influence to direct the activities of followers
toward goal achievement.
► How can leaders be evaluated?
Leaders can be judged based on objective criteria, such as how well the unit
performs (e.g., sales; return on investment)
Leaders can also be judged from the perspective of their followers, such as job
satisfaction, absenteeism and retention of talented employees.
Leaders v. Managers
Leader Decision-Making Styles
► Autocratic style - the leader makes the decision alone without asking for the opinions
or suggestions of the employees in the work unit.
► Consultative style - the leader presents the problem to individual employees or a group
of employees, asking for their opinions and suggestions before ultimately making the
decision him- or herself.
► Facilitative style - the leader presents the problem to a group of employees and seeks
consensus on a solution, making sure that his or her own opinion receives no more
weight than anyone else’s.
► Delegative style - the leader gives an individual employee or a group of employees the
responsibility for making the decision within some set of specified boundary
► Initiating structure reflects the extent to which the leader defines and structures the
roles of employees in pursuit of goal attainment.
► Consideration reflects the extent to which leaders create job relationships
characterized by mutual trust, respect for employee ideas, and consideration of
► Initiating structure and consideration are in