Class Notes (836,580)
Canada (509,856)
York University (35,328)
ADMS 2400 (129)
Lecture 3

Week 3_Lecture5.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Administrative Studies
ADMS 2400
Sabrina Deutsch Salamon

ADMS2400 MAY.21 WEEK 3_Lecture5 Motivation 1 TOPIC - Motivation  Learning Outcomes  What is motivation?  Expectancy Theory  Goal Setting theory  Equity Theory  Psychological Empowerment  Compensation Practices in Organizations  What is Motivation?  Motivation is defined as a set of energetic forces that originates both within and outside an employee, initiates work-related effort, and determines its direction, intensity, and persistence. o Motivation is a critical consideration because job performance is largely a function of two factors: motivation and ability  Expectancy Theory  Expectancy is a subjective probability, ranging from 0 to 1 that a specific amount of effort will result in a specific level of performance (abbreviated E → P).  Instrumentality is a set of subjective probabilities, each ranging from 0 to 1 that successful performance will bring a set of outcomes (abbreviated P → O).  Valence reflects the anticipated value of the outcomes associated with performance (abbreviated V). o Can be positive, negative, or zero  Total “motivational force” to perform a given action can be described using the following formula: Motivational Force = E  P x Σ[(P  O) x V]  Motivational force equals zero if any one of the three beliefs is zero.  Goal Setting Theory  Goal setting theory views (self-set) goals as the primary drivers of motivation. ADMS2400 MAY.21 WEEK 3_Lecture5 Motivation 2 o Research shows that assigning employees specific and difficult goals leads to higher self-set goals, which, in turn will result in higher levels of performance  Why do specific and difficult goals have such positive effects? o Goals determine the intensity of effort directed at goal-relevant activities, and they affect the persis
More Less

Related notes for ADMS 2400

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.