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Lecture 11

ADMS 2400 - Lecture 11.docx

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Administrative Studies
ADMS 2400
Indira Somwaru

ADMS 2400  Lecture 11 Nov 27 – Lecture 11 Leadership  The process by which an individual influences others to achieve organizational goals  Leader vs. Manager o Leader: long-term strategy, vision/mission o Manager: execute, implement Types of power: 1. Personal power o Derives power form unique qualities/personal characteristics o Various types:  Rational persuasion  Logical facts and arguments used to support their position  Expert power  Recognized expert on a topic  Referent power  Liked and admired by others  Charisma  Engaging and magnetic personality 2. Position power o Formal power that is associated with a job o Various types:  Legitimate power  People accept/recognize their authority  Reward power  Power to control rewards (boss)  Coercive power  Capacity to control a punishment (dictator)  Information power  Access to valuable data/knowledge o How to increase position power:  Extend network of contacts in/out of organization  Join task forces (become more involved in strategic decisions)  Perform novel (and fewer routine tasks)  Become indispensable  Raises your profile Great Person Theory  Great leaders possess traits that set them apart  Traits remain stable over time and across different groups  Suggests great leaders are born Path Goal Theory  Great leaders help employees to achieve goals by showing them the way  Enhance employee motivation and job satisfaction  Assumptions: o if leader clarifies tasks and removes obstacles o increases employees perception that goals can be achieved Leadership  Basic leadership styles 1. Instrumental (directive)  Focuses on establishing work schedules/rules  Specific guidance  Unstructured and non-routine 2. Supportive  Focuses on establishing good relationships/satisfying needs for affiliation 3. Participative  The leader consults and helps the employees to participate in decision-making  Ex: team leader 4. Achievement-Oriented  Leader sets challenging goals and seeks improvement in performance constantly  Ex: team of sales people  Leadership style depends on o The nature of work o The nature of the employee Fiedler’s Contingency Theory  Leadersh
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