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Legislation occupiers liability act.doc

4 Pages

Administrative Studies
Course Code
ADMS 2610
Rebecca Jubis

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Français Occupiers’ Liability Act R.S.O. 1990, CHAPTER O.2 Consolidation Period: From December 31, 1990 to the e-Laws currency date. No amendments. Definitions 1. In this Act, “occupier” includes, (a) a person who is in physical possession of premises, or (b) a person who has responsibility for and control over the condition of premises or the activities there carried on, or control over persons allowed to enter the premises, despite the fact that there is more than one occupier of the same premises; (“occupant”) “premises” means lands and structures, or either of them, and includes, (a) water, (b) ships and vessels, (c) trailers and portable structures designed or used for residence, business or shelter, (d) trains, railway cars, vehicles and aircraft, except while in operation. (“lieux”) R.S.O. 1990, c. O.2, s. 1. Common law duty of care superseded 2. Subject to section 9, this Act applies in place of the rules of the common law that determine the care that the occupier of premises at common law is required to show for the purpose of determining the occupier’s liability in law in respect of dangers to persons entering on the premises or the property brought on the premises by those persons. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.2, s. 2. Occupier’s duty 3. (1) An occupier of premises owes a duty to take such care as in all the circumstances of the case is reasonable to see that persons entering on the premises, and the property brought on the premises by those persons are reasonably safe while on the premises. Idem (2) The duty of care provided for in subsection (1) applies whether the danger is caused by the condition of the premises or by an activity carried on on the premises. Idem (3) The duty of care provided for in subsection (1) applies except in so far as the occupier of premises is free to and does restrict, modify or exclude the occupier’s duty. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.2, s. 3. Risks willingly assumed 4. (1) The duty of care provided for in subsection 3 (1) does not apply in respect of risks willingly assumed by the person who enters on the premises, but in that case the occupier owes a duty to the person to not create a danger with the deliberate intent of doing harm or damage to the person or his or her property and to not act with reckless disregard of the presence of the person or his or her property. Criminal activity (2) A person who is on premises with the intention of committing, or in the commission of, a criminal act shall be deemed to have willingly assumed all risks and is subject to the duty of care set out in subsection (1). Trespass and permitted recreational activity (3) A person who enters premises described in subsection (4) shall be deemed to have willingly assumed all risks and is subject to the duty of care set out in subsection (1), (a) where the entry is prohibited under the Trespass to Property Act; (b) where the occupier has posted no notice in respect of entry and has not otherwise expressly permitted entry; or (c) where the entry is for the purpose of a recreational activity and, (i) no fee is paid for the entry or activity of the person, other than a benefit or payment received from a government or government agency or a non-profit recreation club or association, and (ii) the person is not being provided with living accommodation by the occupier. Premises referred to in subs. (3) (4) The premises referred to in subsection (3) are, (a) a rural premises that is, (i) used for agricultural purposes, including land under cultivation, orchards, pastures, woodlots and farm ponds, (ii) vacant or undeveloped premises, (iii) forested or wilderness premises; (b) golf courses when not open for playing; (c) utility rights-of-way and corridors, excluding structures located thereon; (d) unopened road allowances; (e) private roads reasonably marked by notice as such; and (f) recreational trails reasonably marked by notice as such. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.2, s. 4. Restriction of duty or liability 5. (1) The duty of an occupier under this Act, or the occupier’s liability for breach thereof, shall not be restricted or excluded by any contract to which the person to whom the duty is owed is not a party, whether or not the occupier is bound by the contract to permit such person to enter or use the premises. Extension of liability by contract (2) A contract shall not by virtue of this Act have the effect, unless it expressly so provides, of making an occupier who has taken reasonable care, liable to any person not a party to the contract, for dangers due to the faulty execution of any work of construction, maintenance or repair, or other like operation by persons other than the occupier, employees of the occupier and persons acting under the occupier’s direction and
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