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ADMS 3585 (26)
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Department
Administrative Studies
Course
ADMS 3585
Professor
Songlan Peng
Semester
Fall

Description
CHAPTER 2 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK UNDERLYING FINANCIAL REPORTING MULTIPLE CHOICE —Conceptual Answer No. Description c 1. GAAP defined. d 2. Purpose of conceptual framework. d 3. Objectives of financial reporting. c 4. Purpose of understandable information. a 5. Decision-usefulness criterion. c 6. Full disclosure principle. b 7. Definition of relevance. b 8. Comparability characteristic. a 9. Timeliness characteristic. c 10. Economic entity. d 11. Fair value principle a 12. Definition of a liability. c 13. Definition of a loss. c 14. Materiality constraint. b 15. Full disclosure principle. c 16. Quality of representational faithfulness. d 17. Comparability. b 18. Comparability. a 19. Principles based GAAP. c 20. Definition of an asset. d 21. Elements of financial statements. c 22. Distinction between revenues and gains. c 23. Definition of a loss. b 24. Principles-based GAAP. b 25. Components of comprehensive income. d 26. Economic entity assumption. a 27. Economic entity assumption. b 28. Periodicity assumption. a 29. Going concern assumption. d 30. Going concern assumption. d 31. Implications of going concern assumption. a 32. Historical cost principle. d 33. Historical cost principle. d 34 Valuation model. c 35. Revenue recognition principle. d 36. Revenue recognition principle. Test Bank Chapter 2 Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. Unauthorized copying, distribution, or transmission of this page is prohibited 2 - 2 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, Ninth Canadian Edition MULTIPLE CHOICE —Conceptual (cont.) Answer No. Description d 37. Revenue recognition principle. d 38. Timing of revenue recognition. a 39. Definition of an asset. a 40. Matching principle. b 41. Matching principle. b 42. Matching principle. b 43. Expense recognition. c 44. Full-disclosure principle. b 45. Uncertainty constraint. c 46. Full disclosure. b 47. Full disclosure principle. c 48. Materiality constraint. d 49. Materiality. c 50. Fraudulent financial reporting. d 51. Representational faithfulness. a 52. Qualitative characteristics. a 53. Comparability characteristic a 54. Timeliness characteristic. a 55. Recognition of gains and losses. EXERCISES Item Description E2-56 Foundational principles. E2-57 Fair value measurement. E2-58 Accounting concepts—identification. E2-59 Accounting concepts—identification. E2-60 Accounting concepts—matching. E2-61 Accounting concepts—fill in the blanks. E2-62 Matching concept. E2-63 Examination of the conceptual framework. E2-64 Principles vs. rules based GAAP. E2-65 Financial engineering. E2-66 Fraudulent financial reporting Test Bank Chapter 2 Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. Unauthorized copying, distribution, or transmission of this page is prohibited Conceptual Framework Underlying Financial Reporting 2 - 3 MULTIPLE CHOICE —Conceptual 1. Generally accepted accounting principles a. are fundamental truths or axioms that can be derived from laws of nature. b. derive their authority from legal court proceedings. c. derive their credibility and authority from general recognition and acceptance by the accounting profession. d. have been specified in detail in the CICA conceptual framework. 2. A soundly developed conceptual framework of concepts and objectives should a. increase financial statement users' understanding of and confidence in financial reporting. b. enhance comparability among companies' financial statements. c. allow new and emerging practical problems to be more quickly solvable. d. all of these. 3. Which of the following is not an objective of financial reporting? a. To provide information about an entity’s economic resources, obligations and equity/net assets. b. To provide information that is helpful to investors and creditors and other users in making resource allocation decisions and/or assessing management stewardship. c. To provide information that is useful in assessing the economic performance of the entity. d. All of these are objectives of financial reporting. 4. Decision makers vary widely in the types of decisions they make, the methods of decision making they employ, the information they already possess or can obtain from other sources, and their ability to process information. Consequently, for information to be useful there must be a linkage between these users and the decisions they make. This link is a. relevance. b. reliability. c. understandability. d. materiality. 5. The overriding criterion by which accounting information can be judged is that of a. usefulness for decision making. b. freedom from bias. c. timeliness. d. comparability. 6. During a major renovation project of its head office, a worker was seriously injured. While the company believes that it was not at fault, it does include the incident in the notes to its financial statements. This is consistent with which of the following principles: a. Economic entity b. Control c. Full disclosure d. Periodicity Test Bank Chapter 2 Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. Unauthorized copying, distribution, or transmission of this page is prohibited 2 - 4 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, Ninth Canadian Edition 7. Accounting information is considered to be relevant when it a. can be depended on to represent the economic conditions and events that it is intended to represent. b. is capable of making a difference in a decision. c. is understandable by reasonably informed users of accounting information. d. is verifiable and neutral. 8. The adoption of international GAAP can be seen as an application of which of the following quality enhancing characteristics: a. Verifiability b. Comparability c. Understandability d. Timeliness 9. Enhancing qualitative characteristics are an essential part of the conceptual framework of accounting. These include, among others, timeliness. Which of the items below would be most indicative of timeliness? a. The preparation of quarterly financial statements b. The preparation of annual financial statements c. The large volume of data to be included. d. The choice of the best accounting principle 10. A local business man owns several different companies. His accountant prepares separate annual financial statements for each of these businesses. This is an application of which of the following principles: a. Full disclosure b. Periodicity c. Economic entity d. Matching 11. To measure the fair value of an asset, an entity should determine a. The asset's nature, condition and location b. The asset's valuation premise c. The availability of data d. All of the above 12. Under the currently proposed definition of a liability, what is the most important aspect to consider when deciding whether the item should be recognized as a liability? a. The item represents an economic obligation for which a present obligation exists b. The item is shown on the balance sheet c. The transaction underlying the obligation has occurred d. The item is measurable Test Bank Chapter 2 Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. Unauthorized copying, distribution, or transmission of this page is prohibited Conceptual Framework Underlying Financial Reporting 2 - 5 13. Which of the following independent business transactions would most likely be recorded as an accounting loss? a. A decrease in a retail store's sales b. A decrease of a bank's interest income c. A decrease in net assets from a company's incidental transactions. d. All of the above 14. MAX Auto Repair has implemented a policy that requires all expenditures below $10 to be expensed. This is an application of a. The full disclosure principle b. The matching principle c. The materiality constraint d. Representational faithfulness 15. A severe cold snap may affect this year's crop of Florida's citrus growers. The potentially adverse affect is disclosed in the financial statements of the citrus growers. This practice can be best described as an application of a. The derecognition of financial statement elements b. The full disclosure principle c. The going concern assumption d. The economic entity assumption 16. Representational faithfulness is an ingredient of the primary quality of Reliability Relevance a. Yes Yes b. No Yes c. Yes No d. No No 17. Financial information does not demonstrate comparability when a. firms in the same industry use different accounting methods to account for the same type of transaction. b. a company changes its estimate of the residual value of a fixed asset. c. a company fails to adjust its financial statements for changes in the value of the measuring unit. d. none of these. 18. Financial information exhibits the characteristic of comparability when a. expenses are reported as charges against revenue in the period in which they are paid. b. accounting entities give accountable events the same accounting treatment from period to period. c. extraordinary gains and losses are not included on the income statement. d. accounting procedures are adopted which give a consistent rate of net income. Test Bank Chapter 2 Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. Unauthorized copying, distribution, or transmission of this page is prohibited 2 - 6 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, Ninth Canadian Edition 19. A principles based approach to financial reporting standards generally does not exhibit ` the following: a. Specific rules b. Flexibility c. General guidance d. Room for a large degree of professional judgement 20. Which of the following items below does not meet the definition of an asset? a. A building owned and used by a company b. Equipment that is owned and used by a company c. Publicly available water used by a farm to water its crops d. None of the above 21. The elements of financial statements include investments by owners. These are increases in an entity's net assets resulting from owners' a. transfers of assets to the entity. b. rendering services to the entity. c. satisfaction of liabilities of the entity. d. all of these. 22. In classifying the elements of financial statements, the primary distinction between revenues and gains is a. the materiality of the amounts involved. b. the likelihood that the transactions involved will recur in the future. c. the nature of the activities that gave rise to the transactions involved. d. the costs versus the benefits of the alternative methods of disclosing the transactions involved. 23. A decrease in net assets arising from peripheral or incidental transactions is called a(n) a. capital expenditure. b. cost. c. loss. d. expense. 24. Principles-based GAAP is sometimes criticized for being a. Too inflexible. b. Too flexible c. Too inconsistent d. None of these 25. Which of the following elements of financial statements is not a component of comprehensive income? a. Revenues b. Distributions to owners c. Losses d. Expenses Test Bank Chapter 2 Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. Unauthorized copying, distribution, or transmission of this page is prohibited Conceptual Framework Underlying Financial Reporting 2 - 7 26. The economic entity assumption a. is inapplicable to unincorporated businesses. b. recognizes the legal aspects of business organizations. c. requires periodic income measurement. d. is applicable to all forms of business organizations. 27. Preparation of consolidated financial statements when a parent-subsidiary relationship exists is an example of the a. economic entity assumption. b. relevance characteristic. c. comparability characteristic. d. neutrality characteristic. 28. During the lifetime of an entity, accountants produce financial statements at arbitrary points in time in accordance with which basic accounting concept? a. Cost/benefit relationship b. Periodicity assumption c. Conservatism constraint d. Matching principle 29. What accounting concept justifies the usage of accruals and deferrals? a. Going concern assumption b. Materiality constraint c. Consistency characteristic d. Monetary unit assumption 30. The assumption that a business enterprise will not be sold or liquidated in the near future is known as the a. economic entity assumption. b. monetary unit assumption. c. conservatism assumption. d. none of these. 31. Which of the following is an implication of the going concern assumption? a. The historical cost principle is credible. b. Amortization and amortization policies are justifiable and appropriate. c. The current-noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities is justifiable and significant. d. All of these. 32. Proponents of historical cost ordinarily maintain that in comparison with all other valuation alternatives for general purpose financial reporting, statements prepared using historical costs are more: a. reliable. b. relevant. c. indicative of the entity's purchasing power. d. conservative. Test Bank Chapter 2 Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. Unauthorized copying, distribution, or transmission of this page is prohibited 2 - 8 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, Ninth Canadian Edition 33. Valuing assets at their liquidation values rather than their cost is inconsistent with the a. periodicity assumption. b. matching principle. c. materiality constraint. d. historical cost principle. 34. The current mixed valuation model primarily ties the basis of valuation to a. the level of uncertainty. b. measurement reliability. c. the age of the asset. d. management intent with respect to the asset. 35. Revenue is generally recognized when performance is achieved and it is measurable and collectible. This statement describes the a. consistency characteristic. b. matching principle. c. revenue recognition principle. d. relevance characteristic. 36. Generally, revenue from sales should be recognized at a point when a. management decides it is appropriate to do so. b. the product is available for sale to the ultimate consumer. c. the entire amount receivable has been collected from the customer and there remains no further warranty liability. d. none of these. 37. Revenue generally should be recognized a. at the end of production. b. at the time of cash collection. c. when performance is achieved. d. when performance is achieved and the amount earned is measurable and collectible. 38. Which of the following is not a time when revenue may be recognized? a. At time of sale b. At receipt of cash c. During production d. All of these are possible times of revenue recognition. 39. Under the currently proposed definition of an asset, what is the most important aspect to consider when deciding whether the item should be recognized as an asset? a. The item represents a present economic resource to which the entity has a right b. The item is shown on the balance sheet c. The transaction underlying the resource has occurred d. The item is measurable Test Bank Chapter 2 Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. Unauthorized copying, distribution, or transmission of this page is prohibited Conceptual Framework Underlying Financial Reporting 2 - 9 40. One of the principles of the conceptual framework is the matching principle. Which of the following is not a good example of that principle? a. A machine that produces certain goods is amortized over its useful life. The resulting amortization expense is matched with the proceeds from the sale of those goods. b. The entire two-year insurance premium is expensed in the first year. c. The write-off an uncollectible receivable in the year that the sale was made. d. The recognition of revenue for which associated expenses can not yet be determined is delayed until such determination can be made. 41. The allowance for doubtful accounts, which appears as a deduction from accounts receivable on a balance sheet and which is based on an estimate of bad debts, is an application of the a. consistency characteristic. b. matching principle. c. materiality constraint. d. revenue recognition principle. 42. The accounting principle of matching is best demonstrated by a. not recognizing any expense unless some revenue is realized. b. associating effort (expense) with accomplishment (revenue). c. recognizing prepaid rent received as revenue. d. establishing an Appropriation for Contingencies account. 43. Which of the following serves as the justification for the periodic recording of amortization expense? a. Association of efforts (expense) with accomplishments (revenue) b. Systematic and rational allocation of cost over the periods benefited c. Immediate recognition of an expense d. Minimization of income tax liability 44. Application of the full disclosure principle a. is theoretically desirable but not practical because the costs of complete disclosure exceed the benefits. b. is violated when important financial information is buried in the notes to the financial statements. c. is demonstrated by the inclusion of information such as information about contingencies. d. requires that the financial statements be consistent and comparable. 45. Where there is a significant uncertainty with respect to the measurement of an item a. do not record anything in the financial statements. b. recognize the item in the financial statements and disclose the measurement uncertainty in the notes to the financial statements. c. do not record anything in the financial statements and disclose the measurement uncertainty in the notes to the financial statements. d. record the maximum amount in the financial statements. Test Bank Chapter 2 Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. Unauthorized copying, distribution, or transmission of this page is prohibited 2 - 10 Test Bank for Interm
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