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ADMS 3900 (9)
Lois King (9)


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Administrative Studies
ADMS 3900
Lois King

Chapter 5 (Causal Claims) Claims an author makes can be classified as casual claims. Such claims argue that certain events or factors (causes) are responsible for bringing about other events or situations (effects). Such cause and effect relationships are the basis for decision making and reasoning. Examine carefully the causal claims of authors and analyse whether or not they are describing a genuine cause-effect relationship. Think of plausible rival causal explanations that can account for the effects f the same event. Types of rival causes 1. Differences between group 2. Correlation between characteristics 3. Post hoc (after this) ergo (therefore) porter hoc (because of this) fallacy Differences between groups This occurs whenever an author says that an outcome is caused by a specific difference between groups. Whenever an author presents a differences between groups causal claim, we must ask ourselves if there is any other differences between these groups that may be relevant? If there are any other such differences, we have a plausible rival cause. In addition, it is possible that a combination of multiple factors is the true cause. Correlation between characteristics Correlation between characteristics occurs when a correlation between two factors is used to formulate a causal claim. It is possible that the link the author used functions in reverse to the way the author proposed it. This is known as reverse causation. Sometimes there may be a strong correlation between two factors, while there is no causal link between the two factors. The correlation between the two variab
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