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Is the individual human mind the same as a computer.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 1120
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Summer

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Heewon (Alan) Han Friday, February 07, 2014 Is the individual human mind the same as a computer? 1. Model Case Joshua has recently studied a breakthrough in computer innovation, and raised the question, is the individual human mind the same as a computer? Both of the two have memory that stores intelligence and use it for later use. Not only do they store but using process of information and combing the processes of several components, both the brain and the computer are able to perform task given. The signals they sent and receive are both electrical, also both the brain and computer evolves; brain develops from knowledge, and computers upgrades with technological advancement. And if they can evolve, it means they can also degrade, that means computers will be able to break down and brain cells deteriorate. This is a good example of a model case because: ­ Joshua found that both computers and human mind has memory that stores intelligence; memory. ­ Human minds and computers both have skills to process information for later use ­ Also, able to perform task from task given ­ Both consist of electrical signals to operate ­ Brains and computers develop as time passes ­ However, they also degrade as time passes Human Mind Computer Brain cells RAM Neurons CPU Hear or see task Input task Develops from experience Upgrades with technological advancement Brain cells deteriorate Break down Heewon (Alan) Han Friday, February 07, 2014 2. Contrary Case The twenty century has been a revolutionary year where technology has greatly advanced to where our lives have become comfortable. Technology has come to level where it thinks faster than a human and affecting our everyday life. However, computers have been confused with human minds. Humans are able to innovate their minds with experience they achieve in their everyday life. Humans are free thinkers and self-aware on what they are doing. Human minds are able to adapt to new and unfamiliar situations by drawing past experience and inferences on the new situation. Human minds are able to approach different ways until we find the best way to move forward. On the other hand, studies on computer show that they need instructions given to accomplish a task; also it will only follow the line of task given without choice. Studies have also shown that human mind learn and understand better while computers can multitask and perform complex actions. Computers also have no emotion but follow logic; instructions. This is a good example of a contrary case because: ­ Humans are able to innovate their minds with experience, where computers need constant updates on functions they need to perform ­ Computers are logic based actions, where human minds act on emotions; human are free thinkers, and self-aware ­ Humans can quickly adapt to new situations where computer shows error if it is not something they are designed to perform ­ Computers cannot jump out of line of task, but humans can bend task to achieve their goal ­ Human mind learn and understand better while computers can multitask and perform complex actions Human Mind Computers Innovative from experience Needs update Free-thinkers Logic based acts Self-aware Multitask Adaptive Performance based Acts upon emotions Learn and understand Heewon (Alan) Han Friday, February 07, 2014 3. Borderline Case A21-year-old young adult was compared with a computer and found both shows similar and different characteristics. We know human minds operate in an analog system, while the computers operate in a digital system. In other words, the brain uses neurons that either does or does not transmit an action potential; “all or nothing” process. Just like a digital computer, the computers has binary system that use only two possible discrete state; “on” or “off”; “1” or “0”. However, the frequencies at which the neurons transmit action potential vary than a computer that has continuous successful actions. One study show that most computers process information very rapidly, but they do so in serial fashion: all of the information is processed by a single central processing unit (CPU) that performs one operation after another. While, human minds are much slower because it has millions of neurons that combine signals simultaneously, as they operate in parallel to perform a variety of tasks, such as processing visual or auditory information or planning an action. However, another study shows that computers can operate in a parallel system and human minds can operate in a series system. For some example, when people speak and write, they do in a grammatical order.Another characteristic that computer have that human minds do not is, computers need inputs from humans to have outputs. On the other hand, input from humans relate to how we input functions to our human mind. Humans use the five senses to input information to our human minds. This is a good example of a borderline case because: ­ Computer and human mind both have the same base function of operation; on or off, successful or not ­ Computers and human are able to process information in a serial or parallel fashion ­ Both the computer and human mind needs input of information from outside source; computer needs human, human mind needs the five senses Human Mind Computers Mainly analog Mainly digital Mostly parallel Mostly serial Relies on five senses input Relies on human input Heewon (Alan) Han Friday, February 07, 2014 4. Imaginary Concept Once upon a time, there is a non-existing outcast that kept on blowing up his body, with the power to talk to his mind, Brain. He was the only creature with a non-exploding head in the underworld that had only his mind as his friend. However after millions of years, the outcast came across a listening computer named Ram. Ram also thought he was alone until he came across the devil. Unlike the outcast, Ram couldn’t talk to his brain, but they became best friends. After time, the outcast forgot his true best friend was Brain that went to difficult time that would make tears and happiness. Later Brain got hungry but the outcast couldn’t hear Brain’s voice because the outcast was too busy talking with Ram.And later, due to the devil’s lack of responsibility to feed his mind vitamin-XaYbZc, Brain died away. Without noticing, the outcast continued to talk to Ram about all his experience, and slowly noticed his emotions and thoughts becoming blank. On the other hand Ram was only enjoying as he got bigger listening to the devil and later learned to talk. But once the outcast stopped talking, Ram was alone once again waiting for a new friend to come by and sang his patience. This is a good example of an imaginary concept because: ­ It shows that computers needs information imbedded into them to develop, whereas, a human mind learns from experience ­ Computers need to feed from human experience and intelligence to preform functions ­ Proves human mind have emotions that allow us to change our ways of thinking and adapt to a new perceptive ­ It shows human mind rely on information gathered from human’s five senses ­ Human mind will die when the human dies, but a computer will continue to exist until the RAM or CPU is completely destroyed Human Mind Computer Learns Obtains information Independent Dependent Emotions Immortal Life cycle Heewon (Alan) Han Friday, February 07, 2014 5. Related Concept a) Thinking b) This is a good example of a related concept because: ­ Both thinking and human mind have same roles ­ Human mind needs to think to perform ­ Thinking comes from using the human mind ­ Ahuman mind is the set of cognitive faculties that enables consciousness, perception, thinking, judgment, and memory ­ Thinking is what develops the human mind ­ Acomputer is an artificial intelligence; given knowledge from humans c) Is thinking the same as an artificial intelligence? d) Related concept model case Psychologist has informed us that artificial intelligence also has the characteristics of thinking. Even though thinking for humans mean to have a conscious mind, remembering experiences, or making rational decisions. Artificial intelligence also has the same characteristic but in a different way. Just the way how we have our human senses to understand what to do, artificial intelligence has humans to tell them what to do. Once the machines receive the objectives, they process their functions to carry out their role. When they process the information given, it is their way of thinking what to do. Just like how if we do not understand a concept we wonder, artificial intelligence show error when they do not know what to do, or given an objective they cannot do. This is a good example of a model case because: ­ Psychologist proved artificial intelligence to have characteristics of thinking ­ Humans have conscious mind of thinking, while artificial intelligence have unconscious way of thinking ­ Thinking has remembering experiences while artificial intelligence have data records ­ Thinking has rational decisions while artificial intelligence have back-up plans to carry out objective ­ Thinking use human senses while artificial intelligence use functions given by humans Thinking Artificial intelligence Learns Obtains information Conscious P
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