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Lecture 6

ANTH 1120 Lecture 6: ANTH 1120 February 10

6 Pages
Winter 2016

Course Code
ANTH 1120
Christianne Stephens

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ANTH 1120 February 10, 2016: Weapons of the Weak Take‐home:  weapons of the weak o powerless resistance  street culture vs. office culture o different cultural styles  2 examples of everyday, powerless resistance  2 examples of miscommunication Weapons of the Weak  Everyday form of resistance by powerless groups, not a rebellion but an ongoing form of protest.  James C. Scott: from peasants to everyone else  Philippe Bourgois: urban drug dealers, drug addicts Weapons of the Weak  Everyday resistance bypowerless groups  Not defiance, not rebellion, not revolution  Instead ongoing, subtle  “foot dragging, dissimulation, desertion, false compliance, pilfering, feigned ignorance, slander, arson, sabotage, and so on. ... They require little or no coordination or planning; ... they typically avoid any direct, symbolic confrontation with authority.”  (Scott 1985, xvii) Bourgois: Manhattan  Post‐Fordist, deindustrialized because the factories moved away, lots of jobs were gone (industries/factories moved outside the city).  Puerto Rican working poor & crack dealers  Expanding service sector (FIRE): industry that replaced the factories; lots of designers’ brands (fashion) and publishing magazines and press  Gentrification: process of slowly raising rents so people can’t afford to live in that neighborhood. It is the process where you make improvements in the neighborhood that working people won’t be able to afford. Bourgois: Manhattan  Main question: Why didn’t crack dealers work in the legal economy?  What were their experiences with the legal economy before they sold drugs full‐time? o Even though they were crack dealers, they still wanted to go “legal”. As crack dealers, they used to work in the legal democracy. o “Cracking dealing” a work that is a form of resistance.  “I really wanna work legal.” ‐ Primo Bourgois: Manhattan He found:  They expected stable, unskilled factory work (They expected Fordist job)  Dropped out of high school (in order to start this kind of factory work)  Experienced transition to FIRE (implicitly racialized; feminized: female, white collar tasks that do not require manual labour) o Implicitly racialized: white, affluent office culture o Feminized: female bosses, white collar tasks  Most vulnerable, marginalized jobs o Entry level, just above minimum wage, first fired  Return to street as resistance o Self‐destructive resistance Shop‐floor Culture vs. Office Culture a) Shop‐floor Culture: refers to manual labour, factories, and assembly line  Factories (manual labour)  Oppositional solidarity (workers vs. management): workers somehow have the shared identity eg. “they all hate their bosses”  Spatial Separation: Management don’t see the workers and vice versa  Masculinity: “factory man”; strength and endurance (management were not as big) and doesn’t really follow the rules b) Office Culture  Offices (clerical/service)  Support/schmooze with management (you make coffee for your boss, sort the mail = provides opportunity to build relationship with their bosses)  Work alongside each other  Middle‐class/white‐collar gender identities  Bourdieu: a theorist that argued education is also privileged by white‐collar class. Deindustrialization in NYC  Which service sectors replaced manufacturing and factory jobs in Manhattan? o FIRE, Fashion, Publishing  What kinds of jobs were available to Primo and Caesar? o Mailroom jobs, “feminized” jobs like photocopying, security guards (entry level jobs) o They were vulnerable because they were minority (racialized) plus they were high school drop out. SAVOIR FAIRE: (means you know how to do things)  Skills and training  Qualifications  Employers ask questions like “What can you do?” SAVOIR ETRE:  Personal qualities (team player, independent, problem solver)  “What kind of person are you?” Bourgois: argument  Leaving legal economy as resistance because…  Culture differences in the workplace o Office culture vs. street culture o Marginalized, vulnerable o Misunderstandings o Experienced legal work as humiliation o Chose masculinity personal dignit
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