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Lecture 6

ANTH 2140 Lecture 6.docx

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ANTH 2140
Michael Gregg

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Lecture 6 October-10-12 11:50 AM Peopling of the world  Where is the New World? o North and South America  Species present? o Homo Sapiens  Where were they from? o Alaska, Siberia? o Beringia Land Bridge o Pacific Coastal Migration o Trans Atlantic Crossing  Costal Migration rather than land  Came from Europe rather than Asia  Clovis - Archaeological evidence in development of 20 Century paradigms  Hunters migrated down ice-free corridor between ice sheets  Idea supported by sites in Great Plains with Clovis points as early as 13,000 years ago o Geographical evidence suggests no ice-free corridor  Neena culture 14 KYA in Alaska o Flaked and triangular and bone points o Fluted and unfluted o Fluted, attached to the spear  Humans, when arrived in North America, blitz most of the fauna and the end of the Pliestocene  Change of environmental conditions during the last ice age many have also led to extinction of many North American species o Mammoth, giant sloth, camel  Bison, other large herbivores not dramatically affected by hunting  More animals killed tan consumed  Only 16% at Olson-Chubbuck, Colorado have evidence of butchery
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