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Lecture 6

ANTH 2140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Coastal Migration, Coprolite, Solutrean Hypothesis

Course Code
ANTH 2140
Michael Gregg

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Lecture 6
11:50 AM
Peopling of the world
Where is the New World?
o North and South America
Species present?
o Homo Sapiens
Where were they from?
o Alaska, Siberia?
o Beringia Land Bridge
o Pacific Coastal Migration
o Trans Atlantic Crossing
Costal Migration rather than land
Came from Europe rather than Asia
Clovis - Archaeological evidence in development of 20 Century paradigms
Hunters migrated down ice-free corridor between ice sheets
Idea supported by sites in Great Plains with Clovis points as early as 13,000 years ago
o Geographical evidence suggests no ice-free corridor
Neena culture 14 KYA in Alaska
o Flaked and triangular and bone points
o Fluted and unfluted
o Fluted, attached to the spear
Humans, when arrived in North America, blitz most of the fauna and the end of the Pliestocene
Change of environmental conditions during the last ice age many have also led to extinction of
many North American species
o Mammoth, giant sloth, camel
Bison, other large herbivores not dramatically affected by hunting
More animals killed tan consumed
Only 16% at Olson-Chubbuck, Colorado have evidence of butchery
Why in fall
o Meat preserved through winter
o Spring babies
o Skins for warmth
o Migrating process
Estimated 125,000 buffalo killed between late archaic and historical periods of late
Monte Verde 14.6 KYA
Pre-clovis site
Major challenge to first clovis model
Tom Dilehay
Wood, rope, bone
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