Class Notes (835,430)
Canada (509,186)
York University (35,236)
Anthropology (639)
ANTH 2140 (11)
Lecture 8

ANTH 2140 Lecture 8.docx

3 Pages
90 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 2140
Professor
Michael Gregg
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 8 October-24-12 11:52 AM  At least 8 different centres for domestication and agriculture  Emergence of social complexity and archaeological correlates of social inequality  Passage looking at social complexity (Txt. Pp. 265)  In most cases, legitimacy is result of combination of consensus and coersion  Social complexity in Canada, consensus or coersion? o Perhaps a little bit of both? o Natives confined to reserves o Not everybody agrees to everything o G20 Summit (dissent?)  Ethnographic studies of hunter/gatherer bands  Egalitarian generally mobile, not sedentary  Age: the older, the more respect you have  Gender: suited skills  Ability: the amount of food you provide  Status: related to the above variables  Everyone has equal access to the resources  Social differentiation not a universal phenomenon o No elaborate burials in Jamon, Japan 12,000 years ago o Elaborate burials elsewhere 25,000 years ago o Does this relate to cognitive skills o Burials in Middle East, burials under floors of homes o Chincorro, Coastal Peru, 250/1500 burials mummified 5000 years ago  Jericho Site o Building of monumental tower o Cut rock ridge o Hundreds of cell like houses o Massive communities built o No social differentiation present o Gender differentiation in division of labour  No single explanation or trajectory for emergence of inequality  Factors affecting: o Access to resources o Access to information o Economic competition out of region o Establishment of bureaucracies o Control of labour o Increase in population  Complex chiefdoms without food producing economy o Pacific northwest o First nations of Canada o Rare domestication of plants and animals  Chiefdom or stratified society o Hierarchy lea
More Less

Related notes for ANTH 2140

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit