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ANTH 2140 Lecture 2

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ANTH 2140
Michael Gregg

Lecture 2 September-12-12 4:25 PM Methods/ Theoretical frameworks used in reconstructing the past First Assignment: Due Next Thrusday, Sept 20th. (Submit online, no hard copy) Weight: 5% - Penalty: -5% daily Nasca Geoglyphs  3 websites  Nasca Culture they come from , prehistoric in Peru  500-750 words  Does it inspire wonder?  Does it forward understanding of different cultures  How do you know the articles are reliable? Sir Charles Lyell 1833 Principles of Geology: an attempt to explain the former changes in the earth's surface Lyell's Principke of Uniformatarianism: Observable processes such as rain and wind sedimentation, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes were adequate Geological studies provided vastness of time nesc for natural sel. To occur and allowed Darwin to devel his theories abt evolution Focus on the Holocene, Pleistocene and Pliocene Pliocene 5 mill to 1.8 mill years ago Pleistocene 1.8 mil to 12 000 y ago Holocene 12 000 to present day Read key terms Where would you begin to locate past human activities on the landscape? Near the water Vallies where things would stay where they are instead of moving? Pastural settlement, higher ground Look at the soil condition Open land space, forrest area there would be no room for crops, etc. Begin with an idea of what to look for Highly collaborative/expensive endeavor Convince funding orgs and colleagues of the viability of your project Collect/record evidence to test hypothesis Find out what's been done before Start an archive Review historical docs and maps Read survey and excavation reports Read specialist journals Familiarize yourself with the artifacts from different cultures and time periods Many artifacts have been associated with different periods of time and different groups of people Each type of tools are ass. With different types of species, technological changes inform our knowledge of interactions through time. Stone tools provide insight into human cognitive abilities, mobility patterns, subsistence practices. Its often not clear what objects belong together "In archaeology, context is everything" Where objects are found and what they are found with provides basis for interpretation 10 Key Q's  Where and when did modern humans evolve?  Was there interaction and interbreeding with earlier species?  What technologies did prehistoric human groups use?  What do these technologies tell us about human behaviour at different periods?  Where and when did symbolic behaviour first come about?  What does this tell us about the human cognitive abilities and emergence of language?  What does this tell us about human beliefs  When and where di transition from hunt/gathering to food producing economies occur  What changes in social org and technology facilitated changes in subsistence  What are the reasons for development of economic and social inequality and state level org? Once you have an idea, decide on a
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