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ANTH 2170 Lecture Notes - Education In France, Hegemonic Masculinity, Neocolonialism

Course Code
ANTH 2170
Sonja Mac Donald

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ANTH 2170 Lecture February 14th, 2013
Format for the Exam
2 parts 20 marks 20%
o 1: short answer (terms 6 terms and you choose 4) Define and elaborate with
example or significance (article, example)
Each term = 2.5 marks for a total of 10
o 2: answer 1 long answer question out of 2 give you the questions in advance (one on
the exam) 5-6 pages handwritten double spaced
Lectures, readings, class discussions and tutorial discussions (up until before reading week)
Last Week: Takarazuka
McGarry focus on gender identity amongst sport
Focus today on masculinity
Gender and sexuality as a performance, and embodied
o By-product of culture
A space and place where gender is performed and cultivated
o An act or a show that we put on consciously and unconsciously
o Picking an outfit
o Learned behaviours (gestures)
o Embodied in the sense that we use our bodies to perform gender
Takarazuka: talking and acting in a certain way
o Learning to adopt appropriate masculinity and femininity based on what they are
performing in the review
o The experience and disciplined training of kata (detailed rehersals, chores, etc) teaches
them to be good wives and mothers
Disciplining their bodies and acting in a certain way
Gendered identities become embodied through voice, gesture, behaviour
o Culture shapes gender identities they aren’t nature – they are a result of enculturation
Masculinity and Heteronormativity
Long article: Murray
o Studying male sexuality listening to stories to people who identify as homosexual or
o In order to understand their sense of masculinity you have to understand about
Martinique (a neocolonial society neither colonized nor independent politically and
o Originally occupied by Arawaks and Caribs
o French settlers in 1635; brief English occupations in 18th C
o Today, a “region” of France; 400,000 population; neocolonial society
o Love-hate relationship with French immigrants (10%)
o Benefits from the French educational system and health care but at the same time there
is a certain resentment towards the super power of France no feeling of agency or
independence amongst the people who live there as a result
o 1636-1848 French colonists began importing indentured workers and slaves from
o Tobacco and sugar plantations were formed
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