Class Notes (837,550)
Canada (510,314)
York University (35,409)
Anthropology (639)
ANTH 2170 (47)
all (8)
Lecture

anth2170 notes.docx

5 Pages
108 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 2170
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Sex, Gender and the Body: Cross-Cultural Approaches to the Body, Gender, Sexuality and Kinship ANTH2170 – Fall/Winter 2011/2012 – Karen McGarry Lecture 2 – Evolutionary Myths – Sept 14 Introduction to Anthropology - Only dates to the late 1800s in Europe and North America. - The study of humanity across time and space. o Across time – human behaviour and ways of life. - Humanity – interested in human-like ancestors – from apes and monkeys to Homo sapiens. - This course is in the social/cultural anthropology field. - There are four sub-category fields: archeology, physical/biological anthropology, linguistic and socio/cultural anthropology. Archaeologists - Study past human societies, primarily through analyzing material culture (artefacts, architecture). o Material culture – things that are made or modified by humans.  Artefacts are portable material culture.  Food. o Examine things that get left behind – your trash – from past societies. o If they are examining a society where documents are available, they will use those forms to get information alongside artefacts. Physical/Biological Anthropology - Study human and animal bodies as physical entities. They are interested in things such as: o Human evolution – hominids.  Hominids include humans and their bipedal ancestors.  E.g. Neanderthals. o Primatology – e.g. Jane Goodall  Interested in studying chimps, monkeys, etc.  In an effort to reconstruct human evolution. o Forensic analysis of skeletal material  Study bones.  Able to confer the sex of an individual, the sex of the individual and when they passed away. o Disease patterns in past societies.  Cultural behaviours that might influence disease in a particular society.  Compare patterns in different levels of a population – elite vs. working class. Linguistics - Study language in the past and present societies. They are interested in such issues as: o Language acquisition. o Language evolution and change.  What historical influences can cause a language to change over time? o Identity and language  How is it a marker of gender in some cases?  Do men and women speak differently in a society?  How is class manifested in language? Socio/Cultural Anthropology - Study of contemporary human societies throughout the world. o Politics, economics, religion, identities (gender, class, race), globalization, etc. o Tend to specialize. o Ethnographic fieldwork.  Emerging yourself within the culture you are studying.  Participant observation – living with a particular group of people and participating in daily tasks or chores.  Long term interaction in engagement with a group of people. • Usually a year or more. Minimum 1 year in the field is considered norm. o In this course:  We are going to study anthropologists that study the body and issues of the family. Vocabulary: - Culture – Sets of learned behaviours acquired by people as members of the society. These behaviours are transmitted by various agents of enculturation. o Thus, culture is shared, learned and dynamic.  Not something you are born with.  Includes learned behaviours such as table manners, issues of religion, how we adorn our bodies, food, politics.  Dynamic in the sense that it’s constantly changing. We learn culture through different mechanisms.  We learn about it through media, parents, family members, school system, etc. - Cultural relativism – the process of understanding another culture or another group of people from their own perspective. o Cultural relativism to battle pervasive ethnocentric attitudes in society. o Trying to avoid the tendency to view your culture as the ‘right way’ or a superior way to someone else’s. o Trying not to pass judgement on other people’s belief system. - Ethnocentrisms – the belief that your way of life or way of thinking is superior to someone else’s/another person’s/a group’s. o The period from 1492 onward – when the Europeans thought that the natives were below them. o Racism - Ethnographic fieldwork – based primarily on long term, qualitative research. Nature vs. Nurture - Scholars who argue that behaviours are the result of nurture or environmental factors. - In later 1800’s science and social scientists, the nature vs. nurture began and is still on-going.
More Less

Related notes for ANTH 2170

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit