Class Notes (836,030)
Canada (509,587)
York University (35,292)
Anthropology (639)
ANTH 3120 (35)
Lecture

February 3: Eco-Tourism and Alternative Tourism

4 Pages
90 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 3120
Professor
Karl Schmid
Semester
Winter

Description
• FEBRUARY 3 • how are tourism places adjusting to changing times? • what demographic are these places attracting? do they cater towards the traditional Canadian audience: white nuclear families • ▯ Eco-Tourism andAlternative Tourism • issues raised by tourism • sometimes proposed to do it so address and deal with problems that arise from tourism • some of the problems • inequalities that exist between tourists and locals • environmental degradation • cultural appropriation and commodification • can we create a tourism that educates the tourist and encourages them to be more responsible? • we know that tourism is economically important to the global economy • vulnerable, but pervasive  • what does it mean to be ecologically responsible? • how do we get people to benefit? • Encouraging more independent tourists, people who will spread economic benefits more widely rather than vertically • NGOs popping up • NorthAmerican Coordinating Centre for Responsible Tourism • Tourism Concern • group at the forefront, based in London, promoting responsible and sustainable tourism • There is Sustainable Tourism, but can this exist? • if you take your basic tourism course, they may start off the course with this type of concept tourism should follow the principles of environmental, economic, and socio-cultural • sustainability • critics of this form of tourism, including anthropologists, that it didn’t take very long for this idea w these principles that would equally benefit to this idea that can you develop tourism to the point that it can be sustained, can you keep it around? • focus on more ecologically sustainable tourism  • Walmart Tourism • incorporating Green initiatives into its businesses policies • this largely depends on profitability; generating power for its stores reducing transportation costs through more efficiencies • • tends to be a more limited form of this more limited perspective of ecologically sustainability ▯ • International Development Models • realize that a lot of earlier development projects didn’t involve people from the place in terms of their involvement • there are multiple participatory models that have come to International Development • these models fail unless you involve the people in the community more • don’t try to alienate people can really be detrimental; people start to resent it, feeling of hating tourists, etc • ▯ • Pro-Poor Tourism • can tourism relieve poverty? • the poor don’t often have the capital to access the tourism industry • How is tourism ecologically sustainable when the first thing you do is travel by plane? • Tourist bubble: way that tourism is contained and understood in a mental level - excluded other POVs or issues • Niche Tourism: most of the forms of eco tourism (pp, paretic, green, fair trade), they are relatively small • in some ways it aligns with what capitalism is today; going from consumer products that everyone has the same but now specialized products that are for specific demographics  • generally expensive and exclusive, attracting higher end tourists interested in particular cultural capital • packages cultures, lifestyles, and ecosystems as alternative • With eco-tourism specifically connects to understanding the search for the Wild / Wilderness • eco-tourists, trouble with wilderness, idea that wilderness is a cultural-construct, connects well with this material • is eco-tourism is just doing the same thing with the parks? can we extend that? • we’re seeking those same spaces of wilderness, absence of people, symbolic inversion of urban/city versus nature/wild • removing of people • flight from history • create reserves, they are artificial spaces denies a middle ground • • human spaces vs wilderness space • will that work? • how do we live together with nature and find a sustainable and ideological middle ground • not only are we travelling to natural parks, now we’re flying to these reserves, which is even more ecologically destructive ▯ The Environmental Tourist (Film) ▯ • Notes (continued) • Caring Capacity • how many humans can live on a certain piece of land sustainably? • often it’s Western frameworks of environmental governance that are used in these camps • these animals “perform,” become an entertainment complex • who has been dispossessed, who has lost access and use to that land? The Campfire Program in Zimbabwe • • CommunityArea Management Program for Indigenous  • began to resent tourism • saw no benefit from it, why should we have tourism where they’re stopped from going to places wh
More Less

Related notes for ANTH 3120

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit