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Lecture 5

ARTH 2620 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Religious Image, Rum Rebellion, Los CaprichosPremium

2 pages12 viewsFall 2018

Art History
Course Code
ARTH 2620
Brian Grosskurth

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His self portraits emits a feeling of regality and importance
Dressed elegantly
Explored numerous styles, and could have pursued any of them
St. Francis Borgia Exorcising- 1788
Man refuses to repent, and so he cannot be given his last rites
Demons are present to take him to hell
The priest is still attempting to save the man
Crucifix is spurting blood- symbolizes Christs sacrifice for redemption
Goya had strong links with enlightenment figures, and they influenced him to a point where he
did not pursue religious painting
He also rejected romanticism because it was about fantasy- the whole concept went against
rationality and logic
The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters
Goya bent over the desk plagued by his demons- not showing his face
cowering in fear from his demons
the sleep of reason produces monsters
surrealist depiction of his nightmares
depiction of his dreams
He was perpetrator of the Spanish Enlightenment and extremely logical
This is what happens when reason loses its hold on the world
Lunatic Yard
The mad should be hidden
Represents the incarceration of these people
Guards made money by allowing fashionable people to tour the institutions and create a
spectacle of the mentally ill
All faces are covered in shadow because their identities dont matter
They are grotesque- it doesnt matter to humanize them because they arent
Concentration of light is in the upper register to represent reason, and the lack of it in the
The non-communication of the light in the upper register and the heavy shadow at the bottom
represents the lack of communication between those of the enlightenment (those of reason) and
those that suffer
Prison Interior and Cannibals Preparing Their Victims
Further represents the lack of reason in marginalized places
Prisoners were sometimes put into oubliettes, which are small cells that can only be accessed
from a trap door in the ceiling
Los Caprichos
The children dont want to be taken by the figure
Says here comes the boogeyman
Children clutch to their mother as her lover comes to visit
He is concealing his identity, and string the children away to be alone with their mother
The lover is of high status (dainty shoe)
The aristocracy is corrupt- using superstition to raise/scare children in false belief and to
conceal their identity
Mock bull fight
Non-ideal bull fighters
They look almost dead
One is an aristocrat, the others are monks
Allegory of the people of Spain against the aristocracy and clergy of Spain
Court Paintings
Royal family- Charles IV
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