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Semester
Class Notes (1,031,861)
CA (591,651)
York (41,772)
BIOL (2,686)
BIOL 1000 (444)

Class Notes for BIOL 1000 at York University

Introduction to Biological Science

BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Delocalized Electron, Electromagnetic Radiation, Melanin

BIOL1000 Friday, September 7th, 2018. Light and Life Chapter 1 Light can be a source of energy and information. 2 major functions: 1. ...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Nicole Nivillac
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Cell Nucleus, Nitrogenous Base, Pyrimidine

Nucleic acids Macromolecules constructed out of long chains or stands of monomers called nucleotides Functions primarily in the storage and transmission of genetic information There are two types of nucleic acids found in ...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Membrane Transport, Signal Transduction, Critical Role

Cells are separated from the external environment by a thin, fragile structure called the plasma membrane that is only 5 to 10 nm wide. Overview of membrane functions; Compartmentalization: membranes are continues unbroken...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Alpha And Beta Carbon, Peptide Bond, Amine

Proteins These macromolecules that carry out virtually all of cells activities They are molecular tools and machines that make things happen Proteins vastly accelerate the rate of metabolic reactions Proteins provide mecha...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Integral Membrane Protein, Lipid Bilayer, Cell Membrane

The structure and function of membrane proteins A membrane may contain hundreds of different proteins Each membrane proteins has a defined orientation relative to the cytoplasm, so that the properties of a membrane are ver...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Nitrogen Fixation, Mycoplasma, Cell Membrane

Types of prokaryotic cells; Prokaryotes are divided into two major taxonomic groups or domains, the archaea and the bacteria The best known archaea are species that live in extremely inhospitable environment The domain arc...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Cell Membrane, Nuclear Membrane, Cytoskeleton

Eukaryotes and prokaryotes There are two fundamental different classes of cells; prokaryotes and eukaryotes They are distinguished by their size and the types of internal structure (or Organelles) The existence of these tw...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Membrane Fluidity, Lipid Bilayer, Close-Packing Of Equal Spheres

Membrane Lipids and Membrane Fluidity The physical state of the lipid bilayer is described by its fluidity or viscosity If the temperature of the bilayer is kept relatively warm, at 37 degree celsius, the lipid would exist...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Amino Acid, Disulfide, Thiol

NONPOLAR The side chains of these amino acids are hydrophobic and are unable to form electrostatic bonds or interact with water Amino acids including this categories are, alanine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, tryptophan, p...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Beta Sheet, Peptide, Covalent Bond

Primary structure, The primary structure of a protein is the specific linear sequence of amino acids that constitute the chain With 20 different amino acids, the number of different polypeptides that can be formed is 20^n,...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Macromolecule, Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate, Metabolic Pathway

Molecules of Life The bulk of an organism is water If all the water is drained away, the remaining dry weight consists of molecules containing atoms of carbon When these molecules were first discovered, it was thought that...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Paracrine Signalling, Signal Transduction, Cell Membrane

The plasma membrane and its role in cell signaling/communication In multicellular organisms, cell to cell communication allows the cells of the body to coordinate their activities Communication between cell...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Butterfat, Carboxylic Acid, Hydrophile

Lipids A diverse group of nonpolar biological molecules Ability to dissolve in organic solvents and inability to dissolve in water Lipids that are important in cellular function, e.g. fa...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Glycosidic Bond, Pyranose, Oligosaccharide

Four Types of biological Molecules Macromolecules are divided into four types of organic molecules Carbohydrates Include simple sugars (also called monosaccharides) Su...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Facilitated Diffusion, Passive Transport, Cell Membrane

Passive transport; Diffusion of substance across the membrane with no energy investment Diffusion is the tendency for molecules to spread out evenly into the available space Although each molecule moves ra...

Biology
BIOL 1000
Laura Mckinnon
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle, Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Of Hand

perm ach artsMT T rigger Points II: Extremities T rigger Points II: Extremities ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Multicellular Biology - Reference Guides

This Guide is the progressive companion to the Cellular Biology title. The complexities of human physiology are made much clearer through the bright graphics and intelligently coordinated text boxes and glossaries that are...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Levator Veli Palatini, Orbicularis Oculi Muscle, Scalene Muscles

Muscular System: pe rm ac ha rts MT Head & Torso 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Heart Valve, Inferior Vena Cava, Pulmonary Valve

permacharts TM Cardiovascular Physiology 2nd EDITION HEART STRUCTURE & FUNCTION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Meiosis, Nuclear Membrane, Nuclear Pore

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM CCellular Biology BIOLOGY BASICS C...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

The specific aspects of cellular respiration are explained in this helpful Guide. The fundamental processes such as the electron transport chain, proton pumps, ATP synthetase, and glycolysis are each described with helpful...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Submandibular Duct, Parotid Duct, Palatine Tonsil

pe rm a ch a rtsMT DDigestive System 2nd EDITION Fi...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Antigen-Presenting Cell, Memory T Cell, Clonal Deletion

permacharts TM IImmunology 2nd EDITION G ENERAL INFORMATION - AN OVERVIEW ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superior Frontal Sulcus, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Superior Frontal Gyrus

p erm ac hartsMT Brain 2nd EDITION FIGURE 1: GROSS ANATOMY (LATERAL VIEW) ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 173
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superficial Palmar Arch, Costocervical Trunk, Thyrocervical Trunk

p erm a ch ar tsMT CCirculatory System 2nd EDITION Figure...

Biology
BI 361
All Professors

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