BIOL 2900 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: 1918 Flu Pandemic, Orthohantavirus, Biological Weapons Convention

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Bioterrorism information is new information added to training of medical personnel. No panic - the main goal of terrorists is create social panic - don"t feed it. 1950s, 50 - 60 cases mostly rural and from animals. 1960s -1990s - 1 or 2 per year because animals vaccinated against anthrax, only 1 or 2 inhalation anthrax - mostly cutaneous - the two forms have different manifestations. 2001 - 18, 11 inhalation and 7 cutaneous. 2001 cases initially diagnosed as flu cutaneous anthrax spores infect through skin. Eschar (black burn like ulcer on skin) typical. Not fatal unless no treatment sought and then can spread throughout body. Gastrointestinal anthrax from eating dead animal on fields. Almost unheard of in north america coecal lesions in intestinal. Amount of supporting care is different depending on the type of infection inhalation anthrax requires long term ventilator (several weeks)

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