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Lecture 31

BIOL 3200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 31: Coevolution, Herbivore, Amphiprioninae

Course Code
BIOL 3200
Jan Sapp

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BIOL 3200
Lecture 31
Cicero and Aelian said humans should learn friendship from nature
- Mutual interactions were good examples used for the divine providence
argument in natural theology
Found in the works of Linnaeus where he said all natural things are
fitted together by the Creator to produce reciprocal uses
o All living beings are so connected and chained together that they
must have a common goal
- Natural theology followers accepted assumptions underlying Hobbesian view
(nature is full on conflict and selfishness)
- But they also though that nature had laws to prevent disorder and disharmony
- Each species had a specific place in the hierarchy of being, and it was also a
system of economic interdependence and mutual assistance
- Higher up creatures depend on lower scale creatures for survival
Beneden says:
assistance animals give to one another varies like the assistance that is
found among men
in relation to society, paupers would help out other paupers, while they
also helped the higher class
sometimes higher lass help the lower class, like little crabs helped the
mussels they took shelter in by dropping food crumbs from their pincers
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