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Lecture

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Department
Communication Studies
Course
COMN 2111
Professor
Dalton Kehoe
Semester
Fall

Description
Communication in Everyday Life Lecture – March 13 , 2014h The Bases for Relationships Functions of Interpersonal Relationships • To alleviate loneliness • To secure stimulation – humans bring people interesting things to think and do • To maximize pleasure and minimize pain • To gain self­knowledge and self­esteem LOOK AT MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS Relationships Answer Key Questions • Self­concept is perception/cognition of self – who am i? • Self­esteem: how we feel about self: o Do I matter? o Am I capable? o Can I influence my life? Two Key Bases of Human Attraction • Proximity – Geographic closeness o Those we interact with more often • Similarity – People who share o Many of our interests, values, attitudes o Key personal needs: Belonging • Its all about: • Consistency – we like people like us o Live near people socially like us o As we communicate with someone similar to us, we become more similar  in our attitudes toward a given issue • Attraction develops from proximity and similarity in the following situations: o Perceived reciprocity of liking  Attraction to others can depend on whether you feel that the people  you like also like you – similarity  Another’s “liking” increases your self­worth and you return the  compliment with reciprocal liking o Complimentary needs  Attraction is also based on complementarity rather than on  similarity  Dominance/submission, protection/dependence, talk/silence Three Features of Satisfying Relationships • Investment: o What we give to other and cant get back if relationship ends – ourselves,  our history • Commitment: o Belief in future; work through conflict • Trust: o Reliability (do what they say they will do) o Communicate honestly o Rely on other for psychological safety o Build trust through self­disclosure Trust and Self­Disclosure • Should happen gradually • Reciprocity – matching levels – if I tell you something secret about me, I expect  you to reciprocate  • Declines over time – disclosure reaches a peak, but then eventually these  exchanges decrease over time • JOHARI MODEL – MUST KNOW THIS Known to Self Unknown to Self Known to Others 1. Open area 2. Blind Area Unknown to Others 3. Hidden area 4. Unknown area Trust and Self­Disclosure • Early small talk • Breadth – the variety of topics communicated o There are many relationships in which the range of subjects you talk about  is broad, yet discussion remains superficial • Depth – the intimacy of what
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