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Lecture

White Collar crime part 1

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School
York University
Department
Criminology
Course
CRIM 1650
Professor
James Williams
Semester
Winter

Description
Corporate and white collar crime Objectives “Normalization of Deviance” Detention of terms: white-collar vs. corporate crime Barriers to definition and measurement Discrimination of corporate crime: objective harm Vs. Social construction Case studies “NORMALIZATION OF DEVIANCE” 1) “crime, law and power” - The connections between then and the sets of interests that are in criminal law 2) Ability for corporations to normalize their activities and resist or avoid the application of criminal law “Normalization of Deviance”: The process through which the evidence aspects of the behaviour or activity are minimized or downplayed with the result of this behaviour of activity is not a crime. (The laundering of corporate criminality) 3) Normalization of deviance as a reflection of corporate influence on both the formulation and enforcement of law Development of law = through political lobbying; money donates to politicians. Lobby around general topics or issues. Development of legislation. Government corporate legislation Implementation of Law = if rules are not implemented, then how are they implemented. 4) Language of corporate wrongdoing and the flexibility of law “their actions are defined as offences, violations, rather than as crimes” Rather than corporation crime being characterized as immoral, they are referred to unethical. Why is there a difference? Helps shape peoples belief. Corporations can be perused through contract law 5) De-criminalization for Corporate crime: “objective harm” Versus Perceived harm.” Not to take it all that seriously Definition of terms 1) White Collar (occupational) crime: A “criminal” act committed in course of one’s occupation for the benefit of the individual E.G. embezzling money from your company. Putting it in your bank account; Insider trading, sharing stock on information that isn’t available yet. 2) Corporate (organizational ) crime A “criminal” act committed in the course of organizational activities for the benefit of the corporation E.G. Dumping toxic waste only because it is cheaper for the company; accounting fraud (how much a company makes each year) 3) Economic crime Crime of an economic or financial nature perpetrated by individuals and/or groups independently of a specific occupational role or organizational function Focuses on crime making money and fraud, but committed more by individuals. E.G. Scams, fraud; telemarketing fraud;
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