Corporate and white collar crime
“Normalization of Deviance”
Detention of terms: white-collar vs. corporate crime
Barriers to definition and measurement
Discrimination of corporate crime: objective harm Vs. Social construction
“NORMALIZATION OF DEVIANCE”
1) “crime, law and power”
- The connections between then and the sets of interests that are in criminal law
2) Ability for corporations to normalize their activities and resist or avoid the application of
“Normalization of Deviance”: The process through which the evidence aspects of the
behaviour or activity are minimized or downplayed with the result of this behaviour of
activity is not a crime. (The laundering of corporate criminality)
3) Normalization of deviance as a reflection of corporate influence on both the formulation
and enforcement of law
Development of law = through political lobbying; money donates to politicians. Lobby
around general topics or issues. Development of legislation. Government corporate
Implementation of Law = if rules are not implemented, then how are they implemented.
4) Language of corporate wrongdoing and the flexibility of law
“their actions are defined as offences, violations, rather than as crimes”
Rather than corporation crime being characterized as immoral, they are referred to
Why is there a difference?
Helps shape peoples belief.
Corporations can be perused through contract law
5) De-criminalization for Corporate crime: “objective harm” Versus Perceived harm.”
Not to take it all that seriously
Definition of terms
1) White Collar (occupational) crime: A “criminal” act committed in course of one’s occupation for the benefit of the individual
E.G. embezzling money from your company. Putting it in your bank account; Insider
trading, sharing stock on information that isn’t available yet.
2) Corporate (organizational ) crime
A “criminal” act committed in the course of organizational activities for the benefit of the
E.G. Dumping toxic waste only because it is cheaper for the company; accounting fraud
(how much a company makes each year)
3) Economic crime
Crime of an economic or financial nature perpetrated by individuals and/or groups
independently of a specific occupational role or organizational function
Focuses on crime making money and fraud, but committed more by individuals.
E.G. Scams, fraud; telemarketing fraud;