Class Notes (835,006)
Canada (508,865)
York University (35,167)
Criminology (771)
CRIM 1650 (223)
Lecture 11

CRIM 1650 Lecture 11: Youth and Crime (Part 2)
Premium

6 Pages
62 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Criminology
Course
CRIM 1650
Professor
James Williams
Semester
Fall

Description
Youth and Crime – Part 2 (Week 11 – Nov. 22) Kit: Roberts (2003) Online: Tim Hartnagel (2004) Last Week Cont. Youth Crime as a Moral Panic 1.Public reactions to youth crime resemble a moral panic  Developed in 1973 – Sam Cohen? o The clash between two groups o To explain this, ‘moral panic’ was developed o key idea: define behaviour as social problems on the ground they defy moral standards 2.Moral panics are repetitive cycles of public concern in which a group of people or a type of behaviour is defined as problematic and deserving of immediate social intervention  Believed to be a threat to common values/norms/standards  Often involves some kind of punitive response o Crime control for a security measure  Corruption of social and cultural values and beliefs o Motivated by a sense of moral concern and outrage  These panics are typically directed towards marginalized groups (women, racial groups, etc.) o More recently, youth has been targeted 3.Features:  Cyclical in nature and consistent with generational fears regarding the status of youth in society and related forms of cultural expression o Features of moral panic related to youth o “Young generation doesn’t have a strong moral foundation” o “constantly challenging the status quo” o cycles from one generation and is projected onto the next  ex. Forms of cultural expression – 1950’ crime comics o Fredrick Wertham – psychiatrist, “seduction of the innocent”  Interviewed juvenile delinquents  Avid crime comic readers  Crime comics were a key component of crime within this group of young kids  His writing gave scientific evidence, scared parents  Effected families in the US and Canada (parents and educators)  Moral grounded myths about the “good old days” o Generational fears  Directed towards younger generations  Promoted by moral entrepreneurs o similar to claims makers o defining behaviours/groups of people as social problems on the grounds that they violate moral standards o rooted in a moral sentiment o what is being created is a social problem  creative/innovative producers (from their perspective) of social problems o neglect the reality of what the world was like back then – it was not as ideal  ex. Late 1890’s – evidence of kids committing more serious crimes  two 8 y/o boys murdering another 2 y/o  fueled by the media o any moral panic is influenced by the media o by sensationalizing individual incidents of youth crime and presenting them as more typical than they actually are  public fears  what is sensational is atypical & captures viewers o 95% of youth crime stories reported in the media were about violent offences  less than 25% of Ontario’s youth court cases actually involves violent crime  a disconnect between these stats o the media often focuses on atypical cases and atypical cases that appear to be presented in fairly extreme cases  ex. Attempted murder + a lenient sentence = rage from viewers  justifications for sentence imposed  exclusive focus is on the seriousness of the offence rather than the victim o the media for some people is the only source of information on crime and social justice  fanned by politicians – “moral entrepreneurs” o distinct interest in developing moral panic = easy targets for politicians  scapegoats o public policy making can be on these atypical forms of violence rather than more complex issues  ex. Youth crime is portrayed through violent terms – it is normal to produce more preventative strategies o allows politicians to interact with people regarding justice *  simplicity of youth messages* o key idea: define behaviour as social problems on the ground they defy moral standards Moral panics are incongruous with the empirical reality of youth crime  case study: school shootings o rare; there is a much greater risk of a child being struck by lightning on the way to school o comes from parents or guardians Reality of Youth Crime  since early 1900’s, decline in youth crime o significant decline (youth violent, property) o 1980’s there was an increase o 1992-02 33% drop in youth crime – and the rate has remained stable since the late 90’s o driven mostly by property crime over violent crime  youth crimes represent a small % of crime overall o only responsible for 12% of crime  vast majority of youth crime is non-violent o 75% of youth crime is non-violent  of the 75% - 44% if property offences (theft under $5000)  32% drug possession  can include false pretences, fraud  popular property offences by youth: shoplifting  level 1 assaults: the largest category of violent youth crime o 70% of violent crime consists of level 1 assault o murder = 1% of violent crime (rare)  16-17 year olds are responsible for the majority of offences o 55% are responsible for youth crime o 12-13 = 10% o 12 & under = 2%  recent increases in violent youth crime (1987-97) were: o confined to common assaults  common assault charges increased o indicative of the greater willingness of the public to report crimes and the police to lay charges  0 tolerance policies being introduced in schools  definition of youth crime = expanding (ex.
More Less

Related notes for CRIM 1650

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit