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Lecture 16

CRIM 1650 Lecture 16: Corporate and White-Collar Crime (Part 2)
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Department
Criminology
Course
CRIM 1650
Professor
James Williams
Semester
Fall

Description
Corporate and White-Collar Crime Part 3 (week 8 – March 7) Case Study 3: The Pharmaceutical Industry Documentary: Selling Sickness - Paxil (medication to help with social anxiety disorder) was advertised o People were inclined to ask for paxil - claimed to not have addiction - “conditioned branding” – advertises new disorders (disease awareness raising) - “treatments for everyday problems” - side effects & addiction o users of Paxil were reliant on the medication o Paxil withdrawals – described as “electric shock” and anxiety coming back - The company failed to inform doctors and patients of its withdrawal and reliance - Highest number of reports of withdrawal than any other drug - Julie took her own life and the only thing that had changed in her life was that she started taking Paxil o Are we making healthy people sick?  Marketing: selling drugs by branding conditions o A fundamental driver of this industry o Condition branding o There is a drug that companies are looking for a disorder to treat o Medicalization or normal human experiences o Branding disorders  Research funding and the approval process o Research is conducted by the government itself vs. the government  Responsibility of the pharmaceutical company o They do not need to expose their findings o Goldacre -74 studies in the FDA archive of antidepressant testings  36% showed that there were negative effects – lack of effectiveness  only 3 of the negative trials were published  prescription practices o the insentive for many dr’s to prescribe these drugs  it is a way to get people out of the office or make the patients happy by giving them what they want o all expenses paid for DR’s go on vacation and talk about the drug (conference)  indirect form of enticement and influence o pharmaceutical sales something *  bribe doctors to buy/perscribe their medication  negative and unreported side effects o the extent of harm o unrecognized harm o clinical trials run for about 12 months  the info on the effectiveness of drugs denies the ability to understand the long-term effects of the drugs Lessons Learned:  normalization of deviance and the “disappearance” of corporate crime o normalization through “pro-business ideology” – corporate harms are inevitable, o and techniques of neutralization (strategies used to discuss and explain and lessen the significance) o invisibility and the fact that these kinds of harm are resistant to media coverage  ex. Accounting fraud o the result: the disappearance of corporate crime o three elements:  *decriminalization: former crime/acts that were formerly criminal transform intro minor reregulation  corporate activity which at one point was deemed as criminal law but is now viewed as going against regulation  *deregulation: the removal of regulatory descriptions  actions will no longer qualify as ?  removing *something from criminal law  reductions of regulatory agents  cutbacks to resources  cutbacks on policy to regulate corporate businesses o normalization of deviance and disappearance of corporate crime  processes of deviance normalization (de-criminalization) associate
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