Friday December 13 9:00a.m-tenative (midterm date)
2. It is a stereotype and myth to say a missing black father results the children to commit more
1. This is a learning theory. We are learning about the process of learning. Criminal
behaviour is neither inherited nor is it the product of poverty. “Crime is due either to
poverty or psychopathic or sociopathic conditions associated with poverty.” Interaction
with peer groups, communication with significant others such as friends, family and other
important members of the local community.
2. Focusing on this focus of learning in interpersonal relationships. The key determinant of
criminal activity is whether you associate with individuals or groups other than self.
These provide opportunities to learn about crime and those activities. “These everyday
interactions and associations are much more important than modeling in TV.”
3. The process of social learning; there 2 things that need to be learned. There are always
techniques and strategies for most forms of crimes. Definition which support and justify
criminal activity. “individuals become deviant or delinquent because of excess definitions
that Is favourable to the violation of law or unfavourable”
Ideas that prohibit crime Ideas that justify crime
Play fair Drinking is okay
Don’t be a bully I don’t get mad, I get even
Turn the other cheek The ends justify the means
Honesty is the best policy Don’t let anyone push you around
Evil is always punished People should take drugs if they
4. Association with delinquent vs. non delinquent groups vary in 4 criteria.
Frequency: how often Duration: the length of exposure to these groups and associations
Priority: Relationships that are formed early in life have a more powerful impact.
Intensity: prestige or status of the source (parents, friends, authority figures in the
“In an ideal world, he would try to measure these”
5. Most criminological theories are restricted to only different kinds of crimes. This theory
can be applied to any kind of crime. He is viewed as the father of white collar crime.
1. Helping young people to resist peer pressure and to identify with pro social role models.
Peer mentoring programs are often used to challenge actions with people in delinquent
groups. Personal and social skills training lets children know to reject these types of
crimes. Boy & girls club, YMCA, initiative that seek to prevent these connections to be
2. You can challenge specifically. For example, the strategy to prevent drugs, the just say
no to drugs campaign. Justifications for drugs use. Resistant skills training.
1. This is a peer targeted theory. You can’t explain crimes that occur in social isolation.
2. Many individuals may be exposed to negative peer groups. Yet many people don’t
engage in crime because of protective factors such as school, family influences and non-
criminal peer groups.
It is through societal response that we help individuals’ foster bonds to society. TO Hirschi, this
is very strong and significant. To Lemert, that is the problem that contributes to crime. Control is
part of the problem
1. This perspective is rooted in a major sociological theory. The perspective of symbolic
interactionism. Blumer & Mead. This was a way of thinking about how our identities,
sense of self is formed and developed. This theory represents a mirror where we get a
sense of who we are based on how society perceives us. The looking glass theory. This
was the starting point for lemert. These interactions are critical to the f