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CRIM 2650 (104)

Class Notes for CRIM 2650 at York University (page 4)

Theories of Criminology

Exam Study Guides for CRIM 2650

Covers all exam topics.

CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Impression Management, Degeneration Theory, Erving Goffman

First theme: Lombroso-biological determinism Beccaria-rational, calculating offenders Durkheim-structural determinism Second theme: sociological factors: socio-economic position (Day’s social factors) Third theme: pun...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Critical Criminology, Labeling Theory, Class Conflict

-administrative criminology: branch of criminology that seeks to inform the management and control of crime and criminals through policy-oriented research..devoted to having policy implications, which would enhance the ad...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Structural Marxism, Bourgeoisie, Proletariat

Recap: -Marx’ critique of capitalism -mode of production; the ways in which people produce and develop material goods in society, which is subject to changes..(who owns the means of production? -bourgeoisie vs proletariat...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Knowledge Power

Recap: -his analysis of power contrasts from Marxist and Durkheimian traditions -he doesn’t consider the moral conditions of punishment and the structures of society -he examines the structures of power and how they opera...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Juvenile Delinquency, Social Control Theory, Mental Disorder

Sykes and Matza: Techniques of Neutralization (1957) -they sought to clarify Sutherland’s theories, in which he argued that criminal behaviour is learned, similar to other kinds of behaviour (using the same social and psy...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Victimless Crime, Mechanical And Organic Solidarity, Social Evolution

Recap: -sociology theory of crime and punishment: example of 2 things: 1) sociological positivism: scientific study of science and crime 2) structural determinism: he argues that the structure of society will dete...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Broken Windows Theory, Social Disorganization Theory, Informal Social Control

Social Structure Theories: -those who lacked the ability to achieve the American Dream would suffer and thus, conform, innovate, etc..3 main ways to adapt to strain 1) retreatist 2) ritualist 3) rebel Socia...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Crack Cocaine, Symbolic Interactionism, Differential Association

Recap: -social process theories are primarily sociological theories that examine the social and psychological processes -people learn techniques of neutralization in order to suspend the conventional moral values before ...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Offender Profiling, Dangerous Offender, Anthropological Criminology

Dugdale: -fornication is the backbone of their habits -they behave in other antisocial behaviours and thus, exemplify secondary features -Edwards family: no trace of criminality; successful individuals -these studies sup...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Deterrence Theory, Anthropological Criminology, Brain Size

Recap: -empirical testing of Beccaria’s ideas -contemporary criminologists modified these theories in order to account these results -Some of them turned to perception (some people’s perception regarding the severity, cel...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Mechanical And Organic Solidarity, Homo Economicus, Social Defence

The term social order can be used in two senses. In the first sense, it refers to a particular set or system of linked social structures, institutions, relations, customs, values and practices, which conserve, maintain an...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Deterrence Theory, Rational Agent, Toronto Police Service

Beccaria’s Impact on Contemporary Criminological Research: -he argued that the goal of punishment was to deter others 1) celerity (speed) 2) certainty 3) severity Criminologists have examined these three (sc...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Malum Prohibitum, Poverty Threshold, Relative Deprivation

Theory: -a conjecture based on limited amount of knowledge, speculative -abstract knowledge or reasoning -set of principles used to explain a group of facts or phenomena -Greek root; word “theatre”..Theory is associated ...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Spiritualism, Binary Opposition, Immanuel Kant

Post-enlightenment -what is the enlightenment? (age of reason) ^-cultural movement, the enlightenment, existed..they sought to mobilize the power of reason for several purpose 1) reform what they saw as the outdated ...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam
CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Enrico Ferri, Atavism, Atavist

CRIM 2650 Reading October 8th 2015 Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences (Pages 20-34) The Positivist School: Criminal as Determined - The most significant difference between the cl...

Criminology
CRIM 2650
Anita Lam

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