Class Notes (939,463)
CA (549,687)
York (38,783)
CRIM (809)
CRIM 2650 (102)
Lecture 15

CRIM 2650 Lecture 15: CRIM 2650 - Lecture #15
Premium

5 Pages
86 Views

Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 2650
Professor
Ozgun Topak

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
CRIM 2650 – Left and Right Realism
January 18th 2018
Overview
- Critiques of Marxist Criminology
oDefinition of crime
oRomanticization
oMarxism, and Race and Gender
oConspiratorial analysis
oClass and criminality
- Right Realism
oBroken Windows Theory
oOngoing Controversy
- Left Realism
oCritique of Marxism
oCritique of Social Constructionism
oPolicy Suggestions
Critiques of Marxist Criminology
1. Broad Definition of Crime as Social Harm and Human Rights Violation
2. Romantic image of working-class criminals
3. Conspiratorial analysis
4. Not everyone living in poverty commit crime
5. Not all form of criminality is class based, there are class-neutral crimes
6. Power and powerlessness cannot be explained only by class. Race and gender are also
important.
Definition of Crime
- Crime as Social Harm and Human Rights Violation
- Practical Difficulties
oWhat specific harm to define as criminal
oHuman rights is a broad concept
Difficulties in enforcement
Could be (ab)used by the powerful
oDefinition of crime and class struggle
Romanticization
- Romantic image of working-class offenders as “primitive rebels”
oCrime as an act of resistance
oNot as harmful
- Understanding the harm caused by working class criminals (e.g. street crime)
oVictims of street crime are often working-class people
- Criticism from Left and Right Realist Perspectives
oRealist policies
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
CRIM 2650 – Left and Right Realism
Conspiratorial Analysis
- Direct influence of the capitalist class on the criminal justice system
- Criticism
oNot all laws promote the activities of the capitalists
oElites might not ‘pull the strings’ at the right moment
- This criticism applies mainly to instrumental Marxism
oStructural Marxism
Class and Criminality
- Not everyone living in poverty commit crime
- Middle and upper classes might also commit ‘working-class’ crimes (e.g. vandalism and
homicide)
- Free-will and rationality of individuals
oNeo-classical criminology
oRight Realism
oControl Theory
- Marxism, similar to Durkheim, is more interested in macro-sociological patterns
oClass shapes the choices of individuals
Poor is more likely to steal
Class and Criminality II
- Class-Neutral Crimes
oNot all forms of criminality are class based, there are also class-neutral crimes
(e.g. rape)
- Power and powerlessness cannot be explained only by class
oPatriarchy racism
Marxism, and Race and Gender
- Most Marxist scholars largely ignored or insufficiently explained issues of racism and
sexism
oSee last week’s lecture
- While most Marxist criminologists did not produce race or gender specific analyses, class
perspective helps to better understand issues of race and gender
oClass factors shape the relationship between different racial and gender groups
Class and Race (examples)
- The Origins of American Policing
oSlave Patrols and Accumulation of Capital (Parenti)
- Mass Incarceration Policies and Neoliberal Policies (Parenti)
- Bhopal disaster: inhumane working conditions, lax safety regulations in Global South
(Pearce)
- Reserve army of labor in Global North: racialized minorities
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
CRIM 2650 Left and Right Realism January 18 2018 Overview Critiques of Marxist Criminology o Definition of crime o Romanticization o Marxism, and Race and Gender o Conspiratorial analysis o Class and criminality Right Realism o Broken Windows Theory o Ongoing Controversy Left Realism o Critique of Marxism o Critique of Social Constructionism o Policy Suggestions Critiques of Marxist Criminology 1. Broad Definition of Crime as Social Harm and Human Rights Violation 2. Romantic image of workingclass criminals 3. Conspiratorial analysis 4. Not everyone living in poverty commit crime 5. Not all form of criminality is class based, there are classneutral crimes 6. Power and powerlessness cannot be explained only by class. Race and gender are also important. Definition of Crime Crime as Social Harm and Human Rights Violation Practical Difficulties o What specific harm to define as criminal o Human rights is a broad concept Difficulties in enforcement Could be (ab)used by the powerful o Definition of crime and class struggle Romanticization Romantic image of workingclass offenders as primitive rebels o Crime as an act of resistance o Not as harmful Understanding the harm caused by working class criminals (e.g. street crime) o Victims of street crime are often workingclass people Criticism from Left and Right Realist Perspectives o Realist policies
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit