CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Neoconservatism, Neoliberalism, Rationality

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Individuals are rational, equal, and self-interested beings: society: Government makes the laws and punishes those that violate the social contract. Key concepts: rule of la(cid:449): all a(cid:396)e e(cid:395)ual (cid:271)efo(cid:396)e the la(cid:449) e(cid:395)ualit(cid:455) (cid:271)efo(cid:396)e the la(cid:449, punishment goal was to deter crime and not seek vengeance: deterrence, proportionality, utilitarianism, certainty, swiftness. The influence and decline of classical criminology focus is shifti(cid:374)g to offe(cid:374)de(cid:396)"s (cid:271)a(cid:272)kg(cid:396)ound. Routine activity theory: main themes, rational decision maker, opportunity. If there is an opportunity, everyone will commit crime it is in human nature. Area or region, background, or social upbringing does not matter; if opportunities increase, the crime rates will rise: chemistry for crime. Like a chemical reaction, the above three elements must be connected and present for a crime to occur: alternative explanation of rising predatory (direct contact assault, rape, etc) offences in the post-war us. Focus on the criminal activity itself (rather than the social structure) Finding: shift of routine activities away from home.

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