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CRIM 3655 September 17, 2013.docx

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York University
CRIM 3655
James Sheptycki

Theories of Policing: What is policing? Marking criteria: clarity (good grammar, spelling), evidence (use the readings and outside readings), a beginning, middle and end, good structure, clear, accurate facts, ability to analyze and contextualize Quiz 1 – week 3 of Oct 1 Quiz 2 – week 5 of Oct 15 Quiz 3 – week 7 of Oct 29 In class text – week 9 of Nov 12 Essay due – Dec 3 in class *One chance to make-up quiz the following week* Policing is fundamental to social order. There is no such thing as society without policing. Ancient history had policing. *will be focusing on modern and contemporary policing stretching back about 200 years* CSI effect – everyone has an opinion of policing, and feel that they have knowledge of policing but these are based on things seen on television; news and entertainment media have the tendency to tell stories of policing and police about goodies and baddies (black and white hats) Research inside/outside (micro perspective) The relationship between police & society (macro perspective) The politics of policing & police research (interactive) The paradigm for thinking about policing is balanced between a naïve liberal legal institutionalism on one hand and visions of a dystopian policing control complex on the other. (liberals = all we need is human rights and policing will be good) We need a middle ground because policing will always be needed. Policing, crime and the politics of fear and anxiety – there is a fear and anxiety of police with guns, tazers Origins of the police idea -Social contract & the sovereign -Polizeiwissenschaft – governing territory & population -dei Polizei/dei Politik -cura promovendi salute publicam (von Justi) - cura advertendi mala futura (von Sonnenfels) - negative/positive -particular interest/general interest -high policing/low policing - Police was a strange word in English because French and Germans came up with it first. One of the first people to speak about that word von Justi (concerned with the promotion of the public good) – he believes policing is a science to organize the in constitutional state – policing is about organizing society so that we in this all together – so that what’s for my good is also good for others – promotion of pubic good – stopping people (by the police) to minimize people from stealing was good for everyone - Sonnenfels: the first job of the police is to concern the advert future ill - (chief of police) Zimmerman: policing is about observation, prevention, and discovery – getting the bad guys - These were fundamental to the building of the modern state - Blackstone: the power of the police derives from the sovereign’s maximization of his house and the realm – the good of the people will praise him more, king will be good too. Looks after the general social order - Foucault’s paradox: Since the population is nothing more than that what the State takes care of for its own sake, of course, the state is entitled to slaughter it, if necessary. - policing idea is about fostering the general society to make the state stronger – the sovereign’s
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