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CRIM 3655
James Sheptycki

CRIM 3655 – FALL LECTURE NOTES nd October 22 , 2013 Policing and the Private Order of the Family - The policing of family violence and domestic violence - These numbers are produced by a survey; people are asked using a survey instrument ‘how many times did you get beat up?” o and imagine yourself answering this question: you may or may not want to answer or you may not have a recollection since some of these stats are based on years ago o there are always questions about the dark figure of crime - self-report survey is one of the better ways to find info regarding domestic violence because it is an alternative to police statistics - table regarding the seriousness of the violence that occurs (ranging from threatened to actually being assaulted) o we see the total being constant, but the more serious categories fall as the years go on o somehow things look they are getting a little better, because the threatening is increasing instead o lesser forms of violence becoming more prevent – more serious becoming less prevalent - bar chart looks at rates of spousal violence over a period of 1999-2004 o couples in current unions, cohabiting or married, remains fairly constant o domestic violence in the home generally sticks around, but there has been a diminution of violence for couples that have split up o female’s experience much more instances of violence than men - table provides ability to compare and contrast experiences of homicide o in family homicide situations, females are usually killed by their family members o females are rarely the victims of stranger danger – males usually are the victims o greater prevalence of male criminality - self-report table of victims of spousal violence o males report a greater degree of experience of being threatened with violence than women o whereas the actual beatings are reported by women mostly - self-report data on experience of emotional and financial abuse o males are reporting a higher rate of “jealousy” type emotional abuse  e.g. demands to know where you are, nagging, etc o females report a greater amount of controlling physical abuse o when police officers attend a domestic report, they have to figure out what to do - child and youth victims seriously assaulted by family members o boys and sons get beaten by their parents slightly more often than females  only category of violence against youth where males experience more o when it comes to violence in the families, females seem to experience more serious forms of victimization and is almost exclusively by male household members - spousal homicides as a trend is generally going downwards - younger people are more likely to kill each other than older people - most popular way of killing your spouse in Canada seems to be stabbing them with a knife o women tend to do it more often than men - downward trend regarding firearm-related homicides these statistics show that violence in family is a significant public policy issue. It seems to be a significant public policy issues for feminist criminology or criminologists as w hole because of a tendency of male violence to exceed measured amount of female violence both in terms of prevalence and seriousness - Paterfamilias: in ancient roman law, the pater was the ‘father of the family’. He had the duty to maintain the moral propriety and well-being of his household. In this, he was given authority over and responsibility for the conduct of household. Ancient custom held that he held powers of life and death over every member of the familia but in practice the extreme form of this right was seldom exercised o Person who had authority to police the family was the pater o Any child born that showed deformity was put to death, because the Pater had the responsibility to do so based on roman law o Didn’t need public police because so much of social order was policed in the family o Think of the saying “a man’s home is his castle”  This castle doctrine comes from the paterfamilias – the man in his castle is the sovereign under his own roof - “the rule of thumb is…” o A common saying and in modern times it refers to a basic benchmark or reference point. The origin of the saying is said to come from the 17 century English judge, Sir Patrick Butler who allegedly ruled that it was acceptable for a husband to beat his wife with a stick as long as it was no wider than his thumb. One version of the story has it that Mrs. Butler (the judge’s wife) exacted her revenge using a stick she neglected to measure beforehand - By the end of the 19 century and most common law jurisdictions, right of male chastisement had been removed. Judges had said it was not okay to beat a woman - However, although this right had been taken away in law, violence in the family was so rarely th th visible in 19 and 20 century that it wasn’t viewed as a criminal matter o It was seen as a private matter – whatever happens in the privacy of the home is not a matter of the public police – common-sense in the 1970s - In 1960s, doctors and public health researchers and so forth began to notice as a matter of statistical measurement a problem of child abuse - Around 1970, a variety of forms of violence against women by males became a political agenda as a form of second-wave feminism o First expression of the politics around ma
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