Class Notes (885,372)
CA (530,043)
York (37,734)
CRIM (802)
CRIM 3655 (66)
Lecture

CRIM 3655 - OCTOBER 29TH LECTURE NOTES

4 Pages
124 Views

Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 3655
Professor
James Sheptycki

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
CRIM 3655 – FALL LECTURE NOTES th October 29 , 2013 Global Policing and Environmental Crime rd Green Criminology is the 3 attempt at a great paradigm shift in criminological thought - Paradigm Shifts can occur when: o 1) descriptions of the ‘problem-solution’ no longer seem adequate or new ways of ‘seeing’ mean that the problem-solutions simply look different o 2) new developments give rise to new problem0solutions that supersede the old ones o 3) defenders of the old paradigm either acknowledge the superiority of the new ‘problem-solution’, or they simply die out - Professional police officers share a set of problem solutions held in common (police subculture) o Problems of how to be a professional police officer in a democratic society are experienced collectively, so in a way our concept of subculture is kind of like a paradigm - Paradigms were originally used to explain the behaviour of scientists o Shifted from human-centric to the big bang theory “…a new truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it” (Kuhn) - Argued that social science can’t have paradigm shifts because we argue about everything - However, professor argues we can talk about a dominant, foundational paradigm shift that over-determines the conception of the intellectual project of criminology o Essence of our paradigm in criminology is the causes of crime question (why they do it)  Focus on the individual offender  Common basis of the paradigm that makes up academic criminology - Paradigm shifts are not just a matter of changing the way we look at things - Paradigms are held in place by institutional powers o Held in place by powerful set of interests - The idea that the earth as a single living organism  GIA (ancient greek) o This hypothesis is contested that all the kinds of sciences will see them in terms of their own scientific specialisms o All sustained by political economy of research o Science academies are institutions that want to keep you in your place – a drag on paradigmatic shifting The First attempted Paradigm shift in criminology was the naming of White-Collar Crime by Edwin Sutherland in 1949 - First time anyone attempted to document the crimes of the powerful - This is no longer about individuals - When he published his book he was called by the big companies threatening to sue if published  massive infringement on freedom of speech o Institutional resistance – when people try to create shifts in paradigmatic thinking - We don’t think of corporate crime is organized crime - The paradigmatic shift that Sutherland attempted was only partial Second attempted paradigm shift in criminological thought was advanced by William Chambliss - Naming of ‘State Organized Crime’ in his presidential address to the American Society of Criminology 1989 - Difficult to problematize the institution, the structure, the organization of the state as inherently criminogenic because our paradigm of criminology is all about individuals White collar crime and state organized crime are crimes of the powerful. They are also institutional and structural. So there are at least two reasons why the paradigm shifts indicated by Sutherland and Chambliss were only partially successful - Conrad Black sentenced to Jail on charges of conspiracy and fraud - Had a butler in jail – served only 3 of the 6.5 year sentence - These crimes were only able, if we are real critical, problematize these “one bad apples” - Difficul
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit