Class Notes (836,269)
Canada (509,735)
York University (35,302)
Criminology (771)
CRIM 3657 (33)
Lecture 10

CRIM 3657 Lecture 10: March 31

4 Pages
Unlock Document

CRIM 3657
Robert Teixeira

EXAM FORMAT: Part 1: 5 definitions (8 marks each)=total 40 marks Part 2: 1 Essay Question (20 marks)=total 20 marks Total Marks=60 Exam will draw from material after the Reading week: 1) Minaker and Hogeveen, Chapters 6-8, 10-12 2) Kara Gillies presentation 3) Raby, Giroux, Bittle, Ware, and Witherspoon Youth Crime: The Future: -what is justice? -we are exploring the advantages and disadvantages of justice -restitutive and restorative: their processes and practices will be analyzed -a fundamental question -occupied philosophers from every era: Plato, Socrates, and skipping centuries, Foucault and Derrida, etc. -we look at the relationships between youth, crime, or offending behaviour, and society The Avocado Subject: 1) Individualized 2) Atomistic: cut up in little parts and is fragmented 3) Ahistorical -standard, modernist, liberal, and humanist way of thinking about people -the avocado subject is a way of talking about individuals in an individual manner -the pit stands for a sense of a stable, unchanging self that is uncovered as we develop and mature -who we are is there in embryo form and we become what we have been fated to become -we become what we have been fated to become Ubuntu: -a person is a person through other persons -we have a definition of a person, a subject that is fundamentally community-based, other- oriented, and is relational -we are who we are through often -this can be seen through the lens of postmodern theories of the subject as socially embedded, relational, and socially constructed through multiple discourses and power relations -it fits into contemporary post-modern theories of subjectivity -this concept has very interesting parallels with postmodern thinking The Relational or Socially Embedded Subject: -to conceive of the individual or subject as a freestanding, abstracted from the culture or community from which she lives, is incomprehensible to the more post-modern or sociological contemporary vision of subjectivity -your subjectivity is criss-crossed by various discourses that have histories and are mobilized through power relations -we take up or are positioned as subjects -we must think about how discourses criss-cross us, some miss us entirely -thus, we belong to a network of discourses in connection to other people around us -we are socially-embedded, networked subjects -it means that none of these discourses are owned by us or originate from our being, but are publicly available discourses that we can take up -we can write or re-write, or (within limits) variously position ourselves differently by taking up other discourses or changing/resisting existing discourses -this changes the way of framing subjects -discourses limit and constrain us, but also allow us to explore different possibilities -discourses are malleable and multiple Approaches to Youth Crime: -based in a broader framework of how to understand youth and crime -we are analyzing the relationship between youth, crime, and society: a complex nexus -a good way to look at approaches to youth crime is not as a primarily individual issue that law will solve, but as a social and political one Retributive Justice: -examples: tough on crime laws, mandatory minimum, longer sentences, detention centers, boot camps, etc. -hierarchy, authority, and discipline are the order of the day -these programs are archetypes of Foucault’s elaboration of normalizing and disciplinary power -normalize subjectivities in the purpose of governmental aims -there is a variety of ways in which the citizen’s subjectivity is organized -the relationship between adulthood and youth -under this model of retributive justice, the adults are positioned as the knowing subject of authorities and the youth is the object undergoing administration -retribut -these systems are seen as the standard adversarial criminal justice model of dispensing justice 4 Restorative Justice Principles: -many techniques and programs fall under the rubric of restorative justice -they by and large take place outside the formal domain of the courts -the harm principle is seen as one that is broader than the harm to the state
More Less

Related notes for CRIM 3657

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.