[video in response to the paradoxical encomium assignments] -medieval rhetoric: increasing emphasis on style: cicero and quinitillian; -quintillian and his contribution (born in 35 a. d. in calahorra, spain) Progymnasmata: a course of study through writing exercises, handbooks of exercises that rhetoricians used to teach young students the techniques of composition. Significance of progymnasmata: an influential teaching method/system that had the potential to transform the greek students into educated men of culture who were armed with highly stylized means of self-expression and sound argumentation. The rhetorical studies of the medieval west adopted the greek progymnasmata; the roman rhetoricians translated the greek models into. Latin and they became the basis for rhetorical training up through the. -from 1st and 2nd ad, aelius theon and hermogenes of tarsus. -there are two surviving prefaces: by theon and nicolaus that discuss the purposes of the preliminary exercises.