EN 1002 – Summer 2010 – Cheryl Crawford
Lecture 3 – Foundation Stories – June 29
- Made not in particular about the binary structure or the dichotomy that comes to
light when we read those two texts.
- The way that Genesis is focused around light and dark.
- King has a disturbing of the hierarchy because we are told that they are both
- We become more rationalized when we read King.
- Animals participating in their naming which moves away the hierarchy from man
- Evening viewed as an Indian person.
- Kings retelling of the myth is playful not insulting.
- Kings is a retelling of the myth but it uses the intertextuality from the Christian
myth and also from Indian myths.
Foundation Stories: Circe and Odysseus
- Has to do with the way that the dichotomy is brought from male to female: a
socially constructed binary.
- We will focus on representation of women in foundational stories.
- If you change the foundational stories, you change the society.
- Tells the story of the Greek hero Odysseus, and his arrival to Aiaia.
- Functions as a foundational story in western society.
- Can function as a myth (not rooted in the actual world), fiction (legend), epic
(often a poem, a poem that tells a story), long narrative, teleological (point A to B;
pretty linear about it’s structure), a long journey, character as heroes.
o A long narrative poem celebrating the great deeds of one or more
legendary heroes, in a grand ceremonious style. The hero, usually
protected by or even descended from gods, performs superhuman
exploits in battle or in marvelous voyages, often saving or founding a
- He is often celebrated for his cunning.
- The ‘goddess’ like Eve, she is tempting them with food and an appeal to the
- Circe’s power is the power to transform [into animals, primarily].
- The way that that is represented in this story as something very dangerous and
very threatening to Odysseus and his men.
- Odysseus is the only one that is able to resist her power, and she is attracted by
- He is able to resist because another god gives him a herb to be able to resist
Circe. - Who is telling the story? Odysseus is narrating his own story. The person who
gets to tell the story is the person who has power to change/over the story.
- The hero himself gets to tell the story.
- Repetition: oral story, used to create meaning.
- Odysseus fears being unmanned. Why does he fear being unmanned?
Distraction, vulnerable, weakness/strength. We need to think about what the men
do while they are there, these men indulge in pleasure when they