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EN 1002
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Intertextualities EN 1002 – Summer 2010 – Cheryl Crawford Lecture 3 – Foundation Stories – June 29 Review - Made not in particular about the binary structure or the dichotomy that comes to light when we read those two texts. - The way that Genesis is focused around light and dark. - King has a disturbing of the hierarchy because we are told that they are both placed there. - We become more rationalized when we read King. - Animals participating in their naming which moves away the hierarchy from man to animal. - Evening viewed as an Indian person. - Kings retelling of the myth is playful not insulting. - Kings is a retelling of the myth but it uses the intertextuality from the Christian myth and also from Indian myths. Foundation Stories: Circe and Odysseus - Has to do with the way that the dichotomy is brought from male to female: a socially constructed binary. - We will focus on representation of women in foundational stories. - If you change the foundational stories, you change the society. - Tells the story of the Greek hero Odysseus, and his arrival to Aiaia. - Functions as a foundational story in western society. - Can function as a myth (not rooted in the actual world), fiction (legend), epic (often a poem, a poem that tells a story), long narrative, teleological (point A to B; pretty linear about it’s structure), a long journey, character as heroes. - Epic: o A long narrative poem celebrating the great deeds of one or more legendary heroes, in a grand ceremonious style. The hero, usually protected by or even descended from gods, performs superhuman exploits in battle or in marvelous voyages, often saving or founding a nation. - He is often celebrated for his cunning. - The ‘goddess’ like Eve, she is tempting them with food and an appeal to the body. - Circe’s power is the power to transform [into animals, primarily]. - The way that that is represented in this story as something very dangerous and very threatening to Odysseus and his men. - Odysseus is the only one that is able to resist her power, and she is attracted by that. - He is able to resist because another god gives him a herb to be able to resist Circe. - Who is telling the story? Odysseus is narrating his own story. The person who gets to tell the story is the person who has power to change/over the story. - The hero himself gets to tell the story. - Repetition: oral story, used to create meaning. - Odysseus fears being unmanned. Why does he fear being unmanned? Distraction, vulnerable, weakness/strength. We need to think about what the men do while they are there, these men indulge in pleasure when they
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