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Intertextualities EN 1002 – Summer 2010 – Cheryl Crawford Lecture 8 – King Lear / A Thousand Acres -- July 20 Research, Writing and Documentation - Don’t rely specifically on sources that talk solely about king lear or a thousand acres. - Think about something that isn’t specific about king lear and a thousand acres but about things that might help inform your analysis. - Think about different sources: books, journals, monograms, oxford references. - Think about different search engines – literature online, scholarly google, etc. - Do remember that one source leads to another; if you pick up an essay that you find interesting look in the works cited section to help you find other articles. - Research o Use the many resources available to you (such as the library) – don’t limit yourself to the internet. o Remember that one source will often lead to another. - Writing o Planning will make the writing process easier later. o Take notes in your own words rather than cutting and pasting. - Pick a point that you have the most information on and that you identify the most with. - Paraphrase your research so that it is in your own words. - Quote only when you feel that the author’s ways of saying something will be more effective in your paper. - Acknowledging sources demonstrates your effectiveness as a researcher. - Where you are uncertain about ‘common knowledge’, err on the side of caution. - Provide documentation for paraphrases and summaries, not just for direct quotations. King Lear Characters/Language - Who do you consider the tragic person in this play? - Female character – much is reveled about this character with language. How they use language reveals much about their moral qualities. - G and R are willing to bring about emotional speeches to take the land. - C’s virtue is identified by her silence. - There is another character who is unwilling to speak untruths: kent and the fool. - Language is very important. - Consider as you are writing how Shakespeare uses language for dramatic effect. - Prose and verse; which characters speak in which and when. - The language is being used in a way that identifies a lot about characters. - The combination of verse and the kind of verse; black verse; unlined verse. - Changes in style can be significant. Changes in speaking patters and in the diction of the characters themselves. - Lear’s dissection into madness, he speaks from verse to prose; he speaks in longer sentences. - Servants speak in prose. - Edgar shifts from his courtly and to his begging persona, from verse to prose. - Kent is the only character that doesn’t agree with falsely speech (like Cordelia). - Because there are no rules on Shakespeare’s language he uses a lot of context, to show emotion, and truth. - ‘Speak what we feel, not what we out to say’ – Albion. - Lear’s defiant speech echos the sequence of the storm. He influences the violence about the storms and the understanding of human behaviour. Themes - Responsibility to family. - How things are and how they appear to be. - The way they represent societies in flux. - The theme of triangularity. - Binary oppositions. Land, Language, Power - King Lear: Political order in crises: the king becomes a beggar and goes insane. The people loyal to him have to rally behind him. He is saved by friends and a daughter who was disowned. When the king goes insane, it brings the people to a crisis. The passing of his kingdom from his as the patriarch to his daughters. That reflects the family responsibilities in the play. - King lear: the political and familial chaos, between Goneril and her husband and Regan and her husband. And between England and France. - King Lear: What’s going on while everyone is in crises? There are storms going on
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