Class Notes (807,638)
Canada (492,764)
York University (33,498)
English (895)
EN 1006 (47)


5 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
EN 1006
Rosita Georgieva

Lecture 8 Notes [video – in response to the paradoxical encomium assignments] “Power corrupts; absolute power corrupts absolutely” 1.Medieval Education and Rhetoric – Continuation --Medieval Rhetoric: Increasing emphasis on Style: Cicero and Quinitillian; -- more advanced progymnasmata --Quintillian and his contribution (born in 35 A.D. in Calahorra, Spain) -- His Progymnasmata: 12 exercises Progymnasmata: 1. a course of study through writing exercises 2. handbooks of exercises that rhetoricians used to teach young students the techniques of composition --its roots come from the first rhetorical handbooks of the fathers of rhetoric (5 c BC); We know from Cicero’s Brutus that Gorgias and Protagorus used exercises as part of their teaching methods. 3. "preliminary exercises organized from the easiest and shortest to the more complex; designed to teach students in the art of persuasive speaking and in the fundamentals of literary composition. Significance of Progymnasmata: an influential teaching method/system that had the potential to transform the Greek students into educated men of culture who were armed with highly stylized means of self-expression and sound argumentation. The rhetorical studies of the medieval West adopted the Greek progymnasmata; the Roman rhetoricians translated the Greek models into Latin and they became the basis for rhetorical training up through the Renaissance; Most famous texts and rhetoricians: st nd --from 1 and 2 AD, Aelius Theon and Hethogenes of Tarsus --Aphthonius of Antioch (around 4 c AD0 --There are two surviving prefaces: by Theon and Nicolaus that discuss the purposes of the preliminary exercises. st --Theon (lived in Alexandria, Egypt in the 1 AD) – the earliest exercises; designed to train future historians, poets, and orators; information about authors in the classical Greece read by his students: Homer, Euripides, Demosthenes, Aristotle, Apelles, Protogenes, and Antiphilus, etc. th --Nicolaus (taught in Constantinople in the 5 c AD) –the latest of all four texts; A theoretical preface Features of the preliminary exercises: --involve material taken from literature and history --the length of the exercises – short, varying from sentence or two to 500 words --each exercise can be used independently (fables, encomia, or chreia were studied as independent tasks) --many of these exercises could be used as sections of orations --scholars like George Kennedy asserts that they formed the basis of Greek and Roman literature during the Christian era What kinds of progymnasmata did students practice? Aphonius listed 14 ranked by the degree of complexity, cognitive demands and requirements of cultural knowledge 1.Fable [muthos] – retelling of a folk tale; Aphthonius calls it “a false statement giving the semblance of truth” and “a means of advice given by public speakers”, by which he means a fictional tale that resemblance a true story that offers advice or moral He divides them into: Promuthion—if it starts with the moral and then the story follows Epimuthion – if the moral comes at th
More Less

Related notes for EN 1006

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.