Professional Writing: Process and Practice
EN 1700 – Fall/Winter 2009/2010 – Jan Rehner
Lecture 21 – Review – March 22
o Current traditional – very product centered, focused on the work you hand
in, concerned with format, very descriptive (rules), it is the 5 paragraph
o Process theory – emphasizes, the writers process is recurrent (not a linear
process but rather one that flows, back and forth), multiple approaches
(the way that I write, my composing process, changes between writing
fiction and non-fiction, whether you are writing poetry of a lecture paper),
multiple strategies (you find out what other people are doing, you look at
processes that other people are following, you trade ideas for organization
– the more strategies you have, the more control you have over the writing
process), writing is a powerful thinking tool (there’s something about
writing, that focuses the mind in a particular way).
Writing to learn, explore and discover.
School 1 – expressive – encourages voice, free writing.
School 2 – cognitive school – reader and writer based pros is
important to this school.
• Has to do with revision process that embraces the whole
• Introduces the ‘critical monitor’ – too critical, the when and
School 3 – social constructionist – contexts is critical (social), to
both the writer and the audience. Writing is a public act, so that
whatever you are writing, you are moving among and between
different discourse communities. Those discourse communities will
shape your rhetorical strategies. In addition to discourse
communities, social and cultural construct shape the writing
process. Race, gender, etc.
o Post process theory – they basically adopt and extend the point of view of
the social constructionist – the writing is central – writing is seen as an
interpretive act. We write to make sense of different contexts, to make
sense of other texts, etc.
- No template means more room for exploring.
- Post process emphasizes cultural study, the importance of raising our
awareness, of how political and social stances shape the writers productivity.
- PPT frequently engages politically, with popular culture and mass media.
- This course is situated somewhere between process and post process theory.
- You don’t, an expert reader is always thinking back to what has already been
read but also forecasting what might be coming. - Reader response theory – the dominant, the negotiated, and the oppositional
stance. The meaning of the text lies some